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Stenodactylus sthenodactylus (LICHTENSTEIN, 1823)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Elegant gecko, Lichtenstein's Short-fingered Gecko
G: Engfingergecko 
SynonymAscalabotes sthenodactylus LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 102
Stenodactylus elegans FITZINGER 1826
Trapelus savignyi AUDOUIN 1827: 108
Stenodactylus guttatus CUVIER 1829
Stenodactylus guttatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 434
Tolarenta wilkinsonii GRAY 1842
Stenodactylus mauritanicus GUICHENOT 1850
Stenodactylus guttatus — BOULENGER 1885: 17
Stenodactylus wilkinsonii — BOULENGER 1885: 18
Stenodactylus guttatus — WERNER 1897
Stenodactylus hirouxi [DOUMERGUE] 1899
Stenodactylus elegans — WERNER 1931
Stenodactylus guttatus — LAURENT 1935: 345
Stenodactylus stenodactylus zavattari SCORTECCI 1943
Garzoniella longipes PERRET 1976
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus — KLUGE 1993
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 261
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 337
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus — FUJITA & PAPENFUSS 2011
Stenodactylus sthenodactylus zavattari — NCBI TAXONOMY 2016 
DistributionMorocco, Western Sahara, Libya Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt (Ismailia: [HR 31: 185]), Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, N Kenya, Mali

Type locality: “Aegypten” [Egypt and Nubia, fide ARNOLD 1980]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 437A 
CommentSynonymy partially after LOVERIDGE 1957, KLUGE 1993, ARNOLD 1980.

Subspecies: Stenodactylus sthenodactylus mauritanicus GUICHENOT 1850 has been elevated to full species status.

Type species: Stenodactylus elegans FITZINGER 1826 (= Stenodactylus sthenodactylus) is the type species of the genus Stenodactylus FITZINGER 1826 (fide WERMUTH 1965).

Diagnosis (genus): The only gekkonid genus in which the phalangeal formula is reduced to 2 3 3 4 3 on both manus and pes. Premaxilla and frontal single, nasal and parietal bones paired, splenial present, supratemporal and angular bones absent, scleral ossicles 20-28, second ceratobranchial element of hyoid lacking, postcranial calcified endolymphatic sacs present, vertebrae amphicoelous, cloacal sacs present in both sexes and cloacal bones present in males, eye covered by a spectacle, pupil vertically elliptic, scaling more or less homogeneous, preanal pores reduced to one on each side or absent, toes without complex musculature or adhesive pads, with 1-15 longitudinal rows of scales beneath and sometimes a lateral fringe of pointed scales. Eggs with calcified shells, produced in clutches of 1 or 2; Voice present [ARNOLD 1980].

Diagnosis: Medium-sized, up to 57 mm from snout to vent; toes not depressed or fringed, one row of scales beneath; first upper labial and often rostral scale reach nostril which is directed forwards, outwards and more or less upwards; prefnal pores absent in most cases; cloacal tubercles usually in a single row; autotomy restricted to tail Btflse; prefrontal projection absent or weak; upper border of prootic not usually sloping downwards; epipterygoid close to skull roof in protracted skull in most cases; typically 25 presacral vertebrae,S nuchal ribs and 5 basal caudal vertebrae; clavicle expanded; tail not especially dark [ARNOLD 1980].

NCBI taxonomy ID: 1277450 (zavattari) 
References
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  • Audouin, J. V. 1827. Explication sommaire des planches de reptiles (supplément) ... offrant un exposé des caractères naturels des genres, avec la distinction des espèces. . In: Savigny, M. J. C. L. de., Description d’Égypte, Vol. l. Historie Naturelle. Paris: Imprimerie impériale/Imprimerie royale - get paper here
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