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Sternotherus minor (AGASSIZ, 1857)

IUCN Red List - Sternotherus minor - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae (Kinosterninae), Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesSternotherus minor minor (AGASSIZ 1857)
Sternotherus minor peltifer SMITH & GLASS 1947 
Common NamesE: Loggerhead Musk Turtle
G: Zwerg-Moschusschildkröte, Kleine Moschusschildkröte
minor: Loggerhead Musk Turtle
peltifer: Stripeneck Musk Turtle 
SynonymGoniochelys minor AGASSIZ 1857: 424
Sternotherus minor — STEJNEGER 1923
Sternotherus minor — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon minor — BONIN et al 2006

Sternotherus minor minor (AGASSIZ 1857)
Sternotherus minor minor — TINKLE & WEBB 1955
Sternotherus minor minor — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 45
Sternotherus minor minor — CROTHER 2000
Sternotherus minor minor — RHODIN et al. 2010
Sternotherus minor — SCOTT et al. 2017

Sternotherus minor peltifer SMITH & GLASS 1947
Sternotherus peltifer SMITH & GLASS 1947: 22
Sternotherus minor peltifer — TINKLE & WEBB 1955
Sternotherus minor peltifer — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 46
Sternotherus minor peltifer — PALMER & BRASWELL 1995
Sternotherus minor peltifer — CROTHER 2000
Sternotherus minor peltifer — RHODIN et al. 2010
Sternotherus peltifer — SCOTT et al. 2017

Sternotherus intermedius — SCOTT et al. 2017 
DistributionUSA ((Kentucky, SW Virginia, E Tennessee, Georgia, N/C Florida, Alabama, Mississippi: west to the Pearl River system)

Type locality: "neighborhood of Mobile," Alabama, "Columbus, Georgia," and "New Orleans," Louisiana, USA.; restricted to "Columbus, Georgia," by Schmidt (1953:88).

minor: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia)

peltifer: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina); Type locality: “Bassfield, Jefferson Davis County, 30 miles west of Hattiesburg, Miss.”

intermedius: S Alabama, NW Florida; Type locality: Blackwater River ca. 1 mi NW of Milton airfield (now Peter Prince Field), Santa Rosa Co. FL. This series was collected by H. Harima, J.D. Williams and Dr. J. L. Wolfe.  
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 1570, 1571 (two specimens), 1572 (two specimens), and 1573. Tinkle (1958) subsequently identified MCZ 1572 (the two specimens catalogued under this number became USNM 71111 and UMMZ 63520) and MCZ 1573 as Sternotherus odoratus (after KING & BURKE 1989).
Holotype: UAHC68-814, male [intermedius]
Holotype: TCWC 1205, male [peltifer] 
CommentHabitat: freshwater (swamps, quiet rivers) 
EtymologyS. intermedius has been named after medieval Latin intermediātus, past participle of intermediāre. This species is named for its long recognition as being a hypothetical “intermediate” form between S. peltifer and S. minor (e.g. Ernst et al., 1988), as turtles now attributed to S. intermedius have historically been recognized as hybrids between the two aforementioned species due to having a superficially intermediate morphology. 
References
  • Agassiz, Louis 1857. Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. vol. 1. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, lii + 452 pp.
  • Akeret, B. 2009. Unter und über Wasser durch die Karstgewässer Floridas. Draco 10 (37): 24-29 - get paper here
  • Bidmon, Hans-Jürgen 2015. Drohgebärden vom ersten bis zum letzten Tag: Die Kleine Moschusschildkröte, Sternotherus minor minor. Schildkröten im Fokus. 12 (3): 3-23
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Brown, G. & Lamb, J.Y. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor peltifer (Stripe-necked Musk Turtle). Herpetological Review 48 (4): 810
  • Brown, G.J. & Lamb, J.Y. 2018. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor peltifer (Stripe-necked Musk Turtle). Herpetological Review 49: 72-73.
  • Brown, Grover J., Lindeman, Peter V. and Huntzinger, Cybil C. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor peltifer (Stripe-necked Musk Turtle) Herpetological Review 48 (1): 124-125 - get paper here
  • Burling, John W. and Jill A. Wicknick. 2010. Geographic distribution: Sternotherus minor peltifer. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 377 - get paper here
  • Burling, John W. and Jill A. Wicknick. 2010. Geographic distribution: Sternotherus minor peltifer. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 377 - get paper here
  • Chapin, Kenneth J. and Peter A. Meylan 2011. Turtle Populations at a Heavily Used Recreational Site: Ichetucknee Springs State Park, Columbia County, Florida. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (1): 51-60 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Ennen, Joshua R. and A. Floyd Scott 2013. Home Range Characteristics and Overwintering Ecology of the Stripe-Necked Musk Turtle (Sternotherus minor peltifer) in Middle Tennessee. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2013, Vol. 12, No. 1: 199-203. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Iverson, John B. 1977. Geographic variation in the musk turtle, Sternotherus minor. Copeia 1977 (3): 502-517 - get paper here
  • Iverson, John B. 1977. Sternotherus minor. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (195): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Jones, R. L.;Knight, Charles;Majure, Terry 1993. Sternotherus minor peltifer (Stripeneck musk turtle). USA: Mississippi. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 154 - get paper here
  • Lehmann, H. 1984. Ein Zwillirtgsschlupf bei Sternotherus minor minor (AGASSIZ, 1857) (Testudines : Kinosternidae) Salamandra 20 (4): 192-196 - get paper here
  • Mead, James F., Alfred J. Mead and Dennis Parmley. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor (loggerhead musk turtle). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 382
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Munscher, Eric C., Ben Williams, Nicole Salvatico, Wayne Osborne and Brian Hauge. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor minor (Loggerhead Musk Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 255
  • Munscher, Eric; Andrew D. Walde, Elizabeth M. Walton, Nicole Salvatico, Brian P. Butterfield, Wayne Osborne, Collin McAvinchey, J. Brian Hauge 2017. Turtle survey of Weeki Wachee Springs State Park reveals more than mermaid Herpetology Notes 10: 601-609 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Rau, Jens 2010. Die Zwerg-Moschusschildkröte Sternotherus minor. Natur und Tier Verlag, 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Roble, Steven M. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor peltifer (Stripe-necked Musk Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 255
  • Sachsse, W. 1977. Sternotherus m. minor, eine Nachzucht und die damit verbundenen biologischen Beobachtungen (Reptilia: Testudines: Kinosternidae) Salamandra 13 (3-4): 157-165 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2003. Family Kinosternidae. Reptilia (GB) (26): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp.
  • Scott, P. A., Glenn, T. C., & Rissler, L. J. 2017. Resolving taxonomic turbulence and uncovering cryptic diversity in the musk turtles (Sternotherus) using robust demographic modeling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Seidel, M.E., and R.V. Lucchino. 1981. Allozymic and morphological variation among the musk turtles Sternotherus carinatus, S. depressus and S. minor (Kinosternidae). Copeia 1981 (1):119-128. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Glass, Bryan P. 1947. A new musk turtle for southeastern United States. J. Washington Acad. Sci. 37 (1): 22-24
  • Snow, Frankie and Dirk J. Stevenson. 2011. Geographic Distribution: Sternotherus minor (loggerhead musk turtle). Herpetological Review 42 (3): 390 - get paper here
  • Tinkle, D.W. 1958. The systematics and ecology of the Sternothaerus carinatus complex (Testudinata, Chelydridae). Tulane Studies in Zoology. New Orleans. 6: 1-56 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010 - get paper here
  • Walker, D.; Burke, V. J.;Barak, I.;Avise, J. C. 1995. A comparison of mtDNA restriction sites vs. control region sequences in phylogeographic assessment of the musk turtle (Sternotherus minor). Molecular Ecology 4: 365 - 373
 
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