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Sternotherus odoratus (LATREILLE, 1802)

IUCN Red List - Sternotherus odoratus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Common Musk Turtle, Stinkpot Turtle
G: Gewöhnliche Moschusschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo odorata LATREILLE in SONNINI & LATREILLE 1802: 122
Testudo glutinata DAUDIN 1802
Terrapene boscii MERREM 1820
Sternothaerus [sic] odoratus BELL 1825
Staurotypus Odoratus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 358
Sternothaerus odoratus — HALLOWELL 1856: 106
Aromochelys odorata — GRAY 1856: 266
Kinosternum guttatum LE CONTE 1854
Ozotheca tristycha AGASSIZ 1857
Cinosternum odoratum BOULENGER 1889
Aromochelys odorata — LOENNBERG 1894
Aromochelys odoratus — RHOADS 1895: 384
Aromochelys tristycha — BRIMLEY 1910: 18
Sternotherus odoratus — CONANT & BERRY 1978
Kinosternon odoratum — LINER 1994
Sternotherus odoratus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991
Sternotherus odoratus — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon odoratum — BONIN et al 2006 
DistributionCanada (S Ontario, Quebec),
USA ((Rhode Island, coastal Maine, S New Hampshire, Vermont, S New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, SE Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, S Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, E Kansas, E Oklahoma, C/E Texas),
Mexico (Chihuahua)

Type locality: "les eaux dormantes de la Caroline"; restricted to "vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina," U.S.A., by Schmidt (1953:87).

Kinosternum guttatum LeConte 1855; Type locality: Pennsylvania; Holotype: ANSP 63. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Types 
CommentReproduction: oviparous with 3-8 eggs. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Brimley, C. S. 1910. Records of some reptiles and batrachians from the Southeastern United States Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 23: 9-18 - get paper here
  • Burkett, Ray D. 1966. An extension in the known range in Texas for the stinkpot turtle, Sternothaerus odoratus Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 69 (3-4): 361
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Casper, Gary S. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sternotherus odoratus Herpetological Review 28 (4): 209 - get paper here
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant, Roger; Berry, James F. 1978. Turtles of the family Kinosternidae in the Southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico: Identification and distribution. American Museum Novitates (2642): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Ducey, Peter K.;Newman, Willis;Cameron, Kimberly D.;Messere, Michael 1998. Herpetofauna of the highly-polluted Onondaga Lake Ecosystem, Onondaga County, New York Herpetological Review 29 (2): 118-119 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gibbons, J. Whitfield 2013. A Long-Term Perspective of Delayed Emergence (aka Overwintering) in Hatchling Turtles: Some They Do and Some They Don't, and Some You Just Can't Tell Journal of Herpetology Jun 2013, Vol. 47, No. 2: 203-214. - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1937. Herpetological notes from Central Kansas. American Midland Naturalist 18 (3): 370-372 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1856. On some new species freshwater tortoises from North America, Ceylon and Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 18: 263-268 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • Hallowell, E. 1856. A large collection of living specimens of Sternothaerus odoratus. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 8: 106-108 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A.S. 2003. Keeping and breeding the Common Musk Turtle and the Razorback Musk Turtle. Reptilia (GB) (26): 22-26 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A.S. 2004. Haltung von Wasserschildkröten. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 125 pp. - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Toby J. 1998. Geographic distribution. Sternotherus odoratus Herpetological Review 29 (3): 174 - get paper here
  • HOFMANN, T. 2012. Ungewöhnlich große Gelege von Sternotherus odoratus (LATREILLE, 1801) Sauria 34 (4): 61-62 - get paper here
  • Hunter, M.L., Jr., Albright, J., & Arbuckle, J., eds. 1992. The amphibians and reptiles of Maine. Maine Agric. Experiment Station, Orono, Bull. 838 188 pp.
  • Joyce, Walter G.; James F. Parham , Tyler R. Lyson , Rachel C. M. Warnock and Philip C. J. Donoghue 2013. A Divergence Dating Analysis of Turtles Using Fossil Calibrations: An Example of Best Practices. Journal of Paleontology, 87(4):612-634 - get paper here
  • Latreille, P.A. 1802. In: C.N.S. Sonnini de Manoncourt and P.A. Latreille. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Déssinnées d'après Nature. Vol. 1. Détérville, Paris, xx + 280 p. [1802]
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893 Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Lovich, J.E. & Jaworski, T.R. 1988. Annotated checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles reported from Cedar Bog, Ohio. Ohio J. Sci. 88 (4): 139-143
  • Mitchell, J. C. 1983. Population ecology and demography of the freshwater turtles Chrysemys picta and Sternotherus odoratus Dissertation Abstracts International 43 (9):
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Moll, Edward O.;Williams, Kenneth L. 1963. The musk turtle Sternothaerus odoratus from Mexico Copeia 1963 (1): 157 - get paper here
  • Moriarty, J.J. 2005. Turtles and Turtle Watching for the North Central (United) States. Serpents Tale/ZooBooks
  • Olson, Daniel J. 1999. Geographic distribution. Sternotherus odoratus Herpetological Review 30 (1): 51 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Peterson, Charles C. and Daisy Gomez 2008. Buoyancy Regulation in Two Species of Freshwater Turtle. Herpetologica 64 (2): 141-148 - get paper here
  • Picard, Gabriel; Carrière, Marie-Andrée; Blouin-Demers, Gabriel 2011. Common Musk Turtles (Sternotherus odoratus) select habitats of high thermal quality at the northern extreme of their range Amphibia-Reptilia 32 (1): 83-92 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, S., and M.E. Seidel. 1983. Morphological homogeneity in the turtle Sternotherus odoratus (Kinosternidae) throughout its range. Journal of Herpetology 17 (2): 113-120. - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Samuel L. & Seidel, Michael E. 1982. Sternotherus odoratus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (287): 1-4 - get paper here
  • Rhoads, Samuel N. 1895. Contributions ot the zoology of Tennessee. No. 1, Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1895: 376-407 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2003. Family Kinosternidae. Reptilia (GB) (26): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2004. Die Moschusschildkröte (Sternotherus odoratus). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp. - get paper here
  • Seidel, M. E.;Reynolds, S. L.;Lucchino, R. V. 1981. Phylogenetic relationships among musk turtles (Genus Sternotherus) and genetic variation in Sternotherus odoratus) Herpetologica 37 (3): 161-165 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1923. Rehabilitation of a hitherto overlooked species of musk turtle of the southern states Proc. US Natl. Mus. 62 (6): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Tucker, John K.; Dolan, Chad R.; Lamer, James T. 2008. Sternotherus odoratus (Stinkpot) Minimum Size/ Growth. Herpetological Review 39 (1):83-84 - get paper here
  • Tucker, John K.;Theiling, Charles H. 1994. Sternotherus odoratus (common musk turtle). USA: Missouri Herpetological Review 25 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Tucker, John K.;Warner, Daniel A. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sternotherus odoratus Herpetological Review 28 (4): 209 - get paper here
  • Vieyra, Michelle L. 2011. Olfactory Receptor Genes in Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Sea Turtles: Evidence for a Reduction in the Number of Functional Genes in Aquatic Species Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2011, Vol. 10, No. 2: 181-187. - get paper here
  • Walker, DeEtte;Nelson, William S.;Buhlmann, Kurt A.;Avise, John C. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeography and subspecies issues in th monotypic freshwater turtle Sternotherus odoratus. Copeia 1997 (1): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Allan K. 1994. Sternotherus odoratus (common musk turtle). USA: Illinois Herpetological Review 25 (2): 75 - get paper here
  • Young, Cameron A.;Iverson, John B. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Sternotherus odoratus Herpetological Review 28 (1): 49 - get paper here
 
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