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Tantilla hobartsmithi TAYLOR, 1937

IUCN Red List - Tantilla hobartsmithi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Southwestern Blackhead Snake 
SynonymTantilla hobartsmithi TAYLOR 1936: 340
Tantilla utahensis BLANCHARD 1938
Tantilla utahensis — BAKER & BRADLEY 1966
Tantilla planiceps utahensis — TANNER 1966: 134.
Tantilla hobartsmithi — STEBBINS 1985: 218
Tantilla hobartsmithi — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 222
Tantilla hobartsmithi — LINER 1994
Tantilla hobartsmithi — LINER 2007
Tantilla hobartsmithi — WILSON & MATA-SILVA 2014: 36
Tantilla hobartsmithi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 701 
DistributionUSA (California, S Nevada, Utah, Arizona, S New Mexico, SW Texas, Colorado),
Mexico (Sonora, E Chihuahua, N Coahuila, Nuevo León)

Elevation: 0-1981 m (WILSON & MATA-SILVA 2014)

Type locality: Mexico: La Posa, near Guaymas, Sonora.  
TypesHolotype: INHS (= UIMNH) 25066 (4558); CAS 55214; E. H. Taylor; July 3, 1934 (fide PHILLIPS 2003)
Holotype: CAS 55214, paratype: BYU [utahensis] 
EtymologyThe name hobartsmithi is a patronym honoring Hobart Muir Smith (1912–2013), the American herpetologist considered to be the father of Mexican herpetology, among his many other accomplishments. 
  • Baker, Lee R.;Bradley, W. Glen 1966. Tantilla utahensis Blanchard in Clark County, Nevada. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (2): 308 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Charles J. Cole 2014. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Madrean Archipelago of Arizona and New Mexico. American Museum Novitates (3810): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1938. Snakes of the genus Tantilla in the United States. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 20 (28): 369-376 - get paper here
  • Clause, Adam G. and Philip Clevinger. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Tantilla hobartsmithi (Smith's black-headed snake). Herpetological Review 46 (1): 63 - get paper here
  • Cole C J; Hardy L M 1983. Tantilla hobartsmithi Taylor. Smith's black-headed snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 318: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Davis DR, LaDuc TJ 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of C. E. Miller Ranch and the Sierra Vieja, Chihuahuan Desert, Texas, USA. ZooKeys 735: 97-130 - get paper here
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Hammerson, Geoffrey A.;Benedict, Audrey D. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Tantilla hobartsmithi. Herpetological Review 29 (1): 55 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hernandez T, Herr MW, Stevens S, Cork K, Medina-Nava C, Vialpando CJ, Warfel T, Fields N, Brodie C, Graham SP 2019. New distribution records for amphibians and reptiles in eastern Chihuahua, Mexico. Check List 15(1): 79-86 - get paper here
  • Lazcano D, Nevárez-de los Reyes M, García-Padilla E, Johnson JD, Mata-Silva V, DeSantis DL, Wilson LD. 2019. The herpetofauna of Coahuila, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [General Section]: 31–94 (e189) - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal JA, Smith GR, Rorabaugh JC 2019. A conservation checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Sonora, Mexico, with updated species lists. ZooKeys 829: 131-160 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • McCoy, C. J.;Knopf, Garry N.;Walker, J. Martin 1964. The snake Tantilla utahensis Blanchard: An addition to the fauna of Colorado. Herpetologica 20 (2): 135-136 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de los Reyes; Manuel, David Lazcano, Javier Banda-Leal and Ian Recchio 2014. Notes on Mexican Herpetofauna 22: Herpetofauna of the Continental Portion of the Municipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 49(8):105-115 - get paper here
  • Nevárez-de-los-Reyes, Manuel, David Lazcano, Elí García-Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The Herpetofauna of Nuevo León, Mexico: Composition, Distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 558–638 - get paper here
  • Painter, Charles W.;Tomberlin, Barney R.;Gee, Jeffery H. 1997. Tantilla hobartsmithi (Southwestern Black-headed Snake) and Tantilla nigriceps (Plains Black-headed Snake). Coloration. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 91 - get paper here
  • Phillips, C.A. 2003. HERPETOLOGICAL TYPE-SPECIMENS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY: AN UPDATE TO THE PRIMARY TYPES. [type catalogue] University of illinois Museumof Natural History, 17 pp.
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1954. Herpetological notes concerning some reptiles of Utah and Arizona. Herpetologica 10: 92-96 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1937. Notes and comments on certain American and Mexican snakes of the genus Tantilla, with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 39 [1936]: 335-348 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1938. Notes on the herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sonora. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (19): 475-503 [1936] - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Wilson, Larry David and Vicente Mata-Silva 2015. A checklist and key to the snakes of the Tantilla clade (Squamata: Colubridae), with comments on distribution and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 418 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Larry David and Vicente Mata-Silva. 2014. Snakes of the genus Tantilla (Squamata: Colubridae) in Mexico: taxonomy, distribution, and Conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (1): 5-95 - get paper here
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