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Tarentola darwini JOGER, 1984

IUCN Red List - Tarentola darwini - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDarwin's Wall Gecko 
SynonymTarentola darwini JOGER 1984: 96
Tarentola delalandii boettgeri — BOULENGER 1906
Tarentola delalandii delalandii — LOVERIDGE 1947 (part.)
Tarentola delalandii rudis — MERTENS 1954 (part.)
Tarentola sp. — SCHLEICH 1982
Tarentola sp. — SCHLEICH 1984
Tarentola darwini — JOGER 1993
Tarentola darwini — KLUGE 1993
Tarentola (Makariogecko) darwini — RÖSLER 1995: 157
Tarentola (Makariogecko) darwini — CARRANZA et al. 2000
Tarentola darwini — VASCONCELOS et al. 2012: 346 
DistributionSao Tiago (Santiago), Fogo, Sao Nicolau, Sal (Cape Verde Islands)

Type locality: Tarrafal - Santiago (Cape Verde Islands)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 37256; Paratypes: ZSM 365/1978, adult 
CommentMORPHOBANK M44231–M44984

Synonymy after Filipe Sousa (pers. comm.).

Diagnosis: Medium-sized gecko (maximum SVL 64 mm, 56.2 mm on average; Table 1); eye/ear opening ratio averages 1.49; ear–eye/eye–snout distance ratio averages 0.77. Nine to 12 supralabials; seven to nine infralabials; eight to 11 enlarged lamel- lae under the 4th finger; 113–130 midbody scales (Joger, 1984b); small numerous smooth, rounded dorsal tubercles (Fig. 5A4) with 17–27 midbody lon- gitudinal lines and 13–18 transverse rows; no enlarged tubercles between the eye and the ear opening. Dorsal pattern generally composed of ‘silky’ silver-grey diffuse dark or light spots, sometimes con- densed to form an irregular marbling (Figs 6A4, 7A4) but sometimes forming indistinct transverse stripes, especially in juveniles; vertebral stripe absent or narrow and diffuse; light ventral parts; many dark spots on supralabials and some sublabials lighter but spotted; eye iris blackish with upperparts slightly silver.
It differs from T. boavistensis, from clade A, and taxa from clades B, C, and D by the diffuse dorsal pattern instead of composed of three to five dark or light symmetrical cross marks or pattern of bands. Moreover, it also differs from T. boavistensis and from taxa from clade D by not presenting enlarged tubercles between the eye and ear opening or strongly keeled dorsal tubercles. Instead it has smooth, flat oval to round tubercles with aligned cilia that produce a ‘silky’ silver-grey dorsal aspect (Schleich, 1987). It differs from T. bocagei and T. fogoensis by presenting, relative to SVL, an intermediate tail width at its widest point and snout–eye distance; orbital diameter and the longest dimension of the ear smaller. It has comparatively fewer supralabial scales [VASCONCELOS et al. 2012]. 
EtymologyNamed after Charles DARWIN, who probably was the first zoologist to collect Geckos on Cape Verde (rudis on Santiago for the British museum). 
References
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas; Mateo, J. A. and L. F. López-Jurado 2000. Long-distance colonization and radiation in gekkonid lizards, Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proc. R. Soc. London B 267: 637-649 - get paper here
  • Jesus, J.; Brehm, A. & Harris, D.J. 2002. Relationships of Tarentola (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from the Cape Verde Islands estimated from DNA sequence data. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (1): 47-54 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Joger, U. 1984. Die Radiation der Gattung Tarentola in Makaronesien. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 71: 91-111
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • Vasconcelos, R., A. Perera, P. Geniez, D. J. Harris, and S. Carranza. 2012. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Tarentola geckos (Squamata, Phyllodactylidae) of the Cape Verde Islands. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 164 (2): 328-360 - get paper here
 
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