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Telescopus semiannulatus SMITH, 1849

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesTelescopus semiannulatus polystictus MERTENS 1954
Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus SMITH 1849 
Common NamesE: Common Tiger Snake, Tiger Cat Snake, Western Tiger Snake
semiannulatus: Eastern Tiger Snake
polystictus: Damara Tiger Snake
G: Getigerte Katzennatter 
SynonymTelescopus semiannulatus SMITH 1849: 72
Telescopus semiannulatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1058
Leptodira semiannulata — GÜNTHER 1888
Tarbophis semiannulatus — STERNFELD 1910: 55
Tarbophis semiannulatus — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus — ROBERTSON et al. 1961
Telescopus semiannulatus — AUERBACH 1987: 185
Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus — BOYCOTT 1992
Telescopus semiannulatus — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 31
Telescopus semiannulatus — BROADLEY et al. 2003: 211
Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus — PIETERSEN et al. 2013
Telescopus semiannulatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 712
Telescopus semiannulatus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 522
Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus — SCHLEICHER 2015
Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus — MARQUES et al. 2018

Telescopus semiannulatus polystictus MERTENS 1954
Telescopus semiannulatus polystictus — HAACKE 2013
Telescopus semiannulatus polystictus — SCHLEICHER 2015 
DistributionAngola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, NE Republic of South Africa, Zambia, W/E/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville) ?, Malawi, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Swaziland, Mozambique

polystictus: Republic of South Africa (Richtersveld, S Damaraland), S Namibia

Type locality: South Africa (by inference).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.2.55 (formerly BMNH 1871.4.21.1) (collector A. Smith) fide Wallach et al. (2014)
Holotype: SMF 46343, male [polystictus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentDistribution: Erroneously reported from Benin by CHABANAUD 1916 and VILLIERS 1951; probably based on a misidentification (ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010). 
Etymology 
References
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Balvers, M. 1982. Kweekresultaten [Breeding results]: Telescopus semiannulatus. Litteratura Serpentium 2 (4): 195 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M., and Branch, W.R. 2003. The herpetofauna of the Richtersveld National Park, Northern Cape Province, Republic of South Africa. Herpetological Natural History 8: 111-160 [2001]
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek) 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1959. The herpetology of Southern Rhodesia. Part I--the snakes. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 120 (1): 1-100 [reprint 1972] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G. 1994. A collection of snakes from eastern Sudan, with the description of a new species of Telescopus Wagler, 1830 (Reptilia: Ophidia). Journal of African Zoology 108 (2): 201-208.
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1888. Contribution to the knowledge of snakes of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 322-335 - get paper here
  • HAACKE, WULF D. 2013. Description of a new Tiger Snake (Colubridae, Telescopus) from south-western Africa. Zootaxa 3737 (3): 280–288 - get paper here
  • Haagner,G.V.; Branch,W.R. & Haagner,A.J.F. 2000. Notes on a collection of reptiles from Zambia and adjacent areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Annals of the Eastern Cape Museum 1: 1 – 25
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, Arthur 1929. East African reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (151): 1-135 - get paper here
  • Marais, J. 2004. A Complete Guide to the Snakes of Southern Africa, 2nd ed. Struik Publishers, 312 pp.
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Mertens, R. 1954. Neue Schlangenrassen aus Südwest- und Südafrika. Zool. Anz. 152: 213-219
  • Nicolay, H. 1987. Das Portrait: Telescopus semiannulatus semiannulatus SMITH. Sauria 9 (2): 1-2 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Pietersen DW, Pietersen EW, Conradie W. 2017. Preliminary herpetological survey of Ngonye Falls and surrounding regions in south-western Zambia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [Special Section]: 24–43 (e148 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Darren W. Pietersen, Errol W. Haacke, Wulf D. 2013. First herpetological appraisal of the Parque Nacional de Banhine, Gaza Province, southern Mozambique. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 3: 153-163 - get paper here
  • Robertson, I. A. D., B. M. Chapman and N. F. Chapman 1963. Notes on some reptiles collected in the Rukwa Valley, S. W. Tanganyika. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 13, 5(55): 421‑432 - get paper here
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2015. Reptilien Namibias. Namibia Scientific  Society, 276 pp.
  • Schmidt, A. D. & Gruschwitz, M. 2004. Neues vom Blouberg Conservation Project - ein Beispiel für praktische Naturschutzarbeit im neuen Südafrika. Elaphe 12 (2): 55-59
  • Smith,A. 1848. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1910. Zur Schlangenfauna Deutsch-Südwestafrikas. Mehrere Fälle von Mimikry bei afrikanischen Schlangen. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin, 5: 51-60 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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