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Telescopus dhara (FORSKAL, 1775)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesTelescopus dhara dhara (FORSKAL 1775)
Telescopus dhara somalicus (PARKER 1949) 
Common NamesE: Arabian Cat Snake, Large-Eyed Cat Snake, Israeli Catsnake
G: Israelische Katzennatter 
SynonymColuber dhara FORSKAL 1775: 14
Tarbophis guentheri ANDERSON 1895 (fide GASPERETTI 1988)
Tarbophis obtusus - BOULENGER 1896
Tarbophis guentheri — SCHMIDT 1939
Telescopus dhara — CORKILL & COCHRANE 1965
Telescopus dhara dhara — GASPERETTI 1988
Telescopus dhara guentheri — WELCH
Telescopus guentheri — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 240
Telescopus dhara dhara — CROCHET et al. 2008
Telescopus dhara — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 536
Telescopus dhara — WALLACH et al. 2014: 710

Telescopus dhara somalicus (PARKER 1949)
Tarbophis dhara somalicus PARKER 1949: 88
Telescopus dhara somalicus — CROCHET et al. 2008
Telescopus somalicus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 713 
DistributionOman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Saudi Arabia, Yemen,
Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Tunesia, Libyia,
Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Uganda, Central African Republic ?,
Chad, Nigeria, Mali, Burkina Faso, N Kenya

Type locality: Yemen

somalicus: Type locality: Ngatana, Kenya. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: location unknown (fide V. Wallach, pers. comm.) 
CommentDistribution: Has been reported from Zaire but is not listed by BROADLEY & POYNTON 1998 for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire). Not listed by SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996. Not listed for Tanzania by BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991. Not in Mauritania (Padial, pers. comm.). The species in Mauritania is T. tripolitanus. Not in Cameroon nor Niger (L. Chirio, pers. comm., 23 Aug 2013.)

Synonymy: after Crochet et al. 2008 who suggested to maintain subspecific rank for both dhara and somalicus. However, WALLACH et al. 2014: 713 refers to Crochet et al. 2008 in their decision to elevated somalicus to full species. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • Anderson, J. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians made by Colonel Yerbury at Aden and its neighbourhood. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1895: 635—663 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Böhme,W.; Schmitz,A. & Messer 1989. Erster Nachweis der Gattung Telescopus für die Schlangenfauna Marokkos. Salamandra 25 (2): 73-76 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1895. Rettili e Batraci. in, Esplorazione del Giuba e dei suoi Affluenti compiuta dal Cap. V. Bottego durante gli Anni 1892-93 sotto gli auspicii della Società Geografica Italiana. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria (2) 15: 9-18
  • Broadley, D.G. 1994. A collection of snakes from eastern Sudan, with the description of a new species of Telescopus Wagler, 1830 (Reptilia: Ophidia). Journal of African Zoology 108 (2): 201-208.
  • Chabanaud,P. 1916. Description d’un serpent nouveau de Mauritanie saharienne. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. Paris 1916: 77-78 - get paper here
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  • Disi, A M 1993. A contribution to the herpetofauna of Jordan: 5. New records of three colubrid snakes from Jordan. The Snake 25 (2): 109-113
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
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  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Forskål,P. 1775. Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere Orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Mölleri, Hauniae, xxxiv + 164 pp. - get paper here
  • Gardner, Andrew S., Neil Tovey and Johannes Els. 2009. The Arabian cat snake (Telescopus dhara (Forskal, 1775)): a new species record for the United Arab Emirates, with notes on the species in Oman. Tribulus: Journal of the Emirates Natural History Group 18: 24-27 - get paper here
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  • Grossmann, Wolfgang; Bernd-Michael Zwanzig, Thomas Kowalski & Hans-Jürgen Zilger 2013. Weitere ergänzende herpetologische Beobachtungen auf dem Saiq-Plateau und im Jebel al-Akhdar, Sultanat Oman. Sauria 35 (3): 23–31 - get paper here
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  • Schlüter, U. 2006. Die nordafrikanisch-arabische Katzennatter Telescopus dhara (FORSSKAL 1775). Reptilia (Münster) 11 (59): 71-75 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
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