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Teratoscincus keyserlingii STRAUCH, 1863

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPersian Wonder Gecko 
SynonymTeratoscincus keyserlingii STRAUCH 1863
Teratoscincus zarudnyi NIKOLSKY 1896
Teratoscincus keyzerlingii TERENTJEW & CERNOV 1949: 128 (ex errore)
Teratoscincus kevzerlingii — CERNOV 1959: 29 (ex errore)
Teratoscincus scincus keyserlingii —SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1996: 38
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — MACEY et al. 2005
Teratoscincus scincus keyserlingii — ANANJEVA et al. 2006
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Teratoscincus keyserlingii — GARDNER 2009 
DistributionIran, Afghanistan, NE United Arab Emirates, Pakistan; Seri-Tschah, eastern Iran [probably Sar-i-Chah, Khorasan, fide Blanford, 1876:355];

Type locality: Seu-Tschah, Ost- Persien (fide Wermuth 1965: 182)

Teratoscincus zarudnyi: Type locality: Rum, eastern Iran.

 
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes ZIL 2395-6, ZMB 6872 [keyserlingii]
Lectotype: ZIL 2396 designated as by Shcherbak & Golubev 1986:38] [keyserlingii]
Holotype ZIL 8804, destroyed fide I S Darevsky, pers comm., cited in ANDERSON 1999], [zarudnyi] 
CommentType species: Teratoscincus keyserlingii is the type species of the genus Teratoscincus STRAUCH 1863. Reports of keyserlingii from Qatar are questionable (Arnold 1977, D. Gardner, pers. comm.).

Synonymy: partly following WERMUTH 1965 who (following TERENTJEW & CERNOV 1949) synonymized T. zarudnyi and T. keyserlingii with T. scincus. Teratoscincus roborowskii has been removed from the synonymy of this species by Macey et al. 1997 (see this entry).

Distribution: see map in Macey et al. 2005: 189. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): from Greek “teras” = wonder, monster, and “skiggos” (scincus) = the name of a lizard, based on the unusual scales on the tail and the fine scales on the tongue (from Strauch 1863). 
References
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  • Abraham, G. 1983. Pflege und Zucht verschiedener Bodengeckoarten unter gleichen Haltungsbedingungen. Sauria 5 (2): 5-11 - get paper here
  • Abraham, G. 1985. Teratoscincus scincus (SCHLEGEL, 1858). Sauria 7 (4) Suppl.: 027–028 - get paper here
  • Allen, Richard 1994. Teratoscincus scincus the plate-tailed gecko. Reptilian 2 (7): 26-29
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  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
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  • Macey, J. Robert; Jonathan J. Fong; Jennifer V. Kuehl; Soheila Shafiei; Natalia B. Ananjeva;Theodore J. Papenfuss and Jeffrey L. Boore 2005. The complete mitochondrial genome of a gecko and the phylogenetic position of the Middle Eastern Teratoscincus keyserlingii. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution <br />36 (1): 188-193 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert; YuezhaoWang; Natalia B. Ananjeva; Allan Larson and Theodore J. Papenfuss 1999. Vicariant Patterns of Fragmentation among Gekkonid Lizards of the Genus Teratoscincus Produced by the Indian Collision: A Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective and an Area Cladogram for Central Asia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12 (3): 320–332 - get paper here
  • Manilo, Valantina V. 1993. A karyosystematic study of the plate tailed geckos of the genus Teratoscincus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 5: 109-111 - get paper here
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  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
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