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Teratoscincus scincus (SCHLEGEL, 1858)

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Higher TaxaSphaerodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesTeratoscincus scincus scincus (SCHLEGEL 1858)
Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi SZCZERBAK 1979 
Common NamesE: Common Wonder Gecko
G: Wundergecko 
SynonymStenodactylus scincus SCHLEGEL 1858: 16
Teratoscincus scincus — BOULENGER 1885: 12
Teratoscincus scincus — SMITH 1935: 30
Teratoscincus scincus — RÖSLER 2000: 118
Teratoscincus scincus — BAUER 2013 (plates)

Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi SZCZERBAK, 1979
Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi SZCZERBAK 1979: 137
Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi — KLUGE 1993
Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi — SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1996: 38
Teratoscincus rustamowi — DE LISLE et al. 2013: 263 
DistributionC and W Iran, W Afghanistan and N Baluchistan, (Pakistan), W China (below 200 m elevation, in the north from Ili River Valley of Xinjiang Uygur and the foothills and valley of the Tien, Shan mountains), E coast of the Caspian Sea south through the deserts of the former USSR, isolated populations on the Arabian Peninsula in Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan

rustamowi: restricted to the Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan, the deserts of the former USSR]

Type locality: Ili River, E Turkestan (= Xinjiang)
Type locality: Ili River, Kazakhstan (fide KHALIKOV, pers. comm.); Ili River Valley of Xinjiang Uygur, China [fide Zhao and Adler 1993:186]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 
CommentSubspecies: Teratoscincus scincus keyserlingii STRAUCH 1863 is now considered as a valid species.

Synonymy: partly following WERMUTH 1965 who (following TERENTJEW & TCHERNOW 1949) synonymized T. zarudnyi and T. keyserlingii with T. scincus. Teratoscincus roborowskii has been removed from the synonymy of this species by Macey et al. 1997 (see this entry).

Distribution: see map in Macey et al. 2005: 189. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): from Greek “teras” = wonder, monster, and “skiggos” (scincus) = the name of a lizard, based on the unusual scales on the tail and the fine scales on the tongue (from Strauch 1863). 
References
  • Abraham, G. 1980. Teratoscincus scincus. Sauria 2 (4): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Abraham, G. 1983. Pflege und Zucht verschiedener Bodengeckoarten unter gleichen Haltungsbedingungen. Sauria 5 (2): 5-11 - get paper here
  • Abraham, G. 1985. Teratoscincus scincus (SCHLEGEL, 1858). Sauria 7 (4) Suppl.: 027–028 - get paper here
  • Allen, Richard 1994. Teratoscincus scincus the plate-tailed gecko. Reptilian 2 (7): 26-29
  • Ananjeva, N. & Orlov, N. 2005. Lizards of North Eurasia. Reptilia (GB) (38): 54-63 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arnold, Edwin Nicholas & Leviton, Alan E. 1977. A revision of the lizard genus Scincus (Reptilia: Scincidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 31 (5): 187-248 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. 2013. Geckos - The Animal Answer Guide. Johns Hopkins University Press, 159 pp.
  • Borkin, L. J., V. K. Eremchenko and A. M. Panfilov. 2007. On the ecology of the gecko Teratoscincus scincus. Current Studies in Herpetology 7 (1/2): 16-56
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cox, N.A., Mallon, D., Bowles, P., Els, J. and Tognelli, M.F. (compilers). 2012. the Conservation Status and Distribution of Reptiles of the Arabian Peninsula. Cambridge, UK and Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, and Sharjah, UAE: Environment and Protected Areas Authority; ISBN 978-2-8317-1560-5 - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Forcart,Lothar 1950. Amphibien und Reptilien von Iran. Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 61: 141-156
  • Gardner, A.S. 2009. Mapping the terrestrial reptile distributions in Oman and the United Arab Emirates. ZooKeys 31: 165–177 - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. Anmerkungen zur Morphologie, Verbreitung und den Habitatpräferenzen einiger pakistanischer Geckos. Sauria 25 (3): 35-47 [erratum in 25 (4): 27] - get paper here
  • Khan, Muhamad Sharif 2004. Annotated checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Pakistan. Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 191-201 - get paper here
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 2002. Preliminary observations on herpetofaunal diversity in the Almaty region, Southern Kazakhstan (September 1998). Herpetological Bulletin (79): 7-13 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1979. De herpetofauna van Oezbekistan (1). Lacerta 37 (8): 133-136 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Macey, J. Robert; Jonathan J. Fong; Jennifer V. Kuehl; Soheila Shafiei; Natalia B. Ananjeva;Theodore J. Papenfuss and Jeffrey L. Boore 2005. The complete mitochondrial genome of a gecko and the phylogenetic position of the Middle Eastern Teratoscincus keyserlingii. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution <br />36 (1): 188-193 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert; YuezhaoWang; Natalia B. Ananjeva; Allan Larson and Theodore J. Papenfuss 1999. Vicariant Patterns of Fragmentation among Gekkonid Lizards of the Genus Teratoscincus Produced by the Indian Collision: A Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective and an Area Cladogram for Central Asia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12 (3): 320–332 - get paper here
  • Manilo, Valantina V. 1993. A karyosystematic study of the plate tailed geckos of the genus Teratoscincus (Sauria, Gekkonidae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 5: 109-111 - get paper here
  • Mebs, D. 1966. Studien zum aposematischen Verhalten von Teratoscincus scincus Salamandra 2 (1-2): 16-20 - get paper here
  • Miller, M. 1982. The Turkestan Plate-Tailed Gecko, Teratoscincus scincus (SCHLEGEL 1858). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 17 (3): 77-81 - get paper here
  • Mishagina J.V. 1992. Trophic connections of lizard, Teratoscincus scincus (Gekkonidae) in Eastern Kara Kum (Repetek). Bull. MOIP. Otd. Biol. 97 (3): 34-42 [in Russian]
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1896. Diagnoses reptilium et amphibiorum novorum in Persia orientali a N. Zarudny collectorum. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 1:369-372. - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1997. Paläarktische Geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota) Teil I: Historischer Überblick, Geographie und Klima, Verbreitung. Sauria 19 (1): 17-28 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2017. Gecko-Chorologie (Squamata: Gekkota). Gekkota (4): 1-160
  • Schlegel,H. 1858. Handleiding Tot de Beoefening der Dierkunde 2. Natuurkundige Leercursus, Koninlijke Militarie Akademie - get paper here
  • Seligmann, Hervé; Steven C. Anderson, Kellar Autumn, Amos Bouskila, Rachel Saf, Boris S. Tuniyev and Yehudah L. Werner 2007. Analysis of the locomotor activity of a nocturnal desert lizard (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Teratoscincus scincus) under varying moonlight. Zoology 110 (2): 104-117 <br />
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak], and M. L. Golubev 1996. Gecko fauna of the USSR and contiguous regions. SSAR [Russian original published in 1986].
  • Shcherbak, N. N. [= 1979. A new subspecies of the Common Wonder Gecko (Teratoscincus scincus rustamovi ssp. N., Sauria, Reptilia) from Uzbekistan and the taxonomy of the species. [in Russian]. In: Protection of Nature in Turkistan 5:129-138
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Strauch, A. 1863. Characteristik zweier neuer Eidechsen aus Persien. Bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, 6:477-480 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 1979. A new subspecies of plate-tailed gecko (Teratoscincus scincus rustamowi ssp. n., Sauria, Reptilia) from Uzbekistan and systematics of the species. Protection of Turkmenistan Nature, 1979:129-138
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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