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Toxicodryas blandingii (HALLOWELL, 1844)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlandings Tree Snake 
SynonymDipsas Blandingii HALLOWELL 1844: 170
Dipsas fasciatus FISCHER 1856 (fide HALLERMANN 1998: 202)
Disas valida FISCHER 1856: 87
Dipsas globiceps FISCHER 1856: 89
Toxicodryas blandingii — HALLOWELL 1857: 60
Dipsadomorphus blandingii — WERNER 1899
Dipsadomorphus blandingii — STERNFELD 1917
Boiga blandingii — SCHMIDT 1923: 103
Boiga blandingii — MENZIES 1966
Boiga blandingii — PITMAN 1974
Toxicodryas blandingii — MEIRTE 1992: 110
Toxicodryas blandingii — TRAPE & ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995: 40
Boiga blandingii — BROADLEY 1998
Toxicodryas blandingii — RÖDEL et al. 1999
Boiga blandingii — HUGHES 2000
Boiga blandingii — GOSSMANN et al. 2002
Toxycodryas [sic] blandingii — TRAPE & MANÉ 2002
Boiga blandingii — PAUWELS et al. 2004
Toxicodryas blandingii — TRAPE & MANÉ 2006
Toxicodryas blandingii — CHIRIO & LEBRETON 2007
Toxicodryas blandingii — ULLENBRUCH et al. 2010
Boiga blandingii — SEGNIAGBETO et al. 2012
Toxicodryas blandingii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 733
Boiga blandingii — CARLINO & PAUWELS 2015
Toxicodryas blandingii — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 511 
DistributionW Kenya, Uganda, S Sudan, Angola, Gabon,
Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia,
Benin, Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea (Conakry), Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Congo (Brazzaville), Zambia

Type locality: "Liberia, West Africa."  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: unlocated (not in ANSP type list), a 1670 mm specimen (Blanding) (fide V. Wallach, pers. comm.) 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Sexual dimorphism: This species is highly sexually dimorphic, with blotchy brown females and subadults, and black and yellow phase adult males.

RASMUSSEN (cited as “pers. comm.” in GOSSMANN et al.) states that there are no constant differences between African and Asian Boiga species.

Types: The types of Dipsas valida and Dipsas globiceps appear to be destroyed accodring to J. Hallermann (pers. comm.). The type locality of D. valida is “Edina (Grand Basso County, West Africa)”.

Type species: Dipsas Blandingii HALLOWELL 1844: 170 is the type species of the genus Toxicodryas HALLOWELL 1857. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. William Blanding (1772-1857), American naturalist. 
References
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