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Trachemys dorbigni (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1835)

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesTrachemys dorbigni adiutrix VANZOLINI 1995
Trachemys dorbigni dorbigni (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835)
Trachemys dorbigni brasiliensis FREIBERG 1969 
Common NamesE: Black-bellied Slider, D’Orbigny’s slider
E: Brazilian Slider [adiutrix] 
SynonymEmys dorbigni DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 272
Emys Dorbignyi — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 225
Clemmys Dorbignyi — BOULENGER 1886: 424
Chrysemys dorbignyi BOULENGER 1889 (nomen subst.)
Pseudemys dorbigni — MERTENS et al. 1934
Trachemys dorbigni brasiliensis FREIBERG 1969
Chrysemys dorbigni — FRITZ & BIENERT 1981
Trachemys scripta dorbigni — FRITZ 1990
Trachemys scripta dorbigni — LEGLER 1990: 89
Trachemys dorbigni dorbigni — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys dorbigni brasiliensis — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys dorbigni — RHODIN et al. 2010
Trachemys dorbigni — TTWG 2014: 362
Trachemys dorbigni dorbigni — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017
Trachemys dorbigni dorbigni — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017

Trachemys dorbigni adiutrix VANZOLINI 1995
Trachemys adiutrix VANZOLINI 1995
Trachemys adiutrix — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys adiutrix — REYNOLDS et al. 2007
Trachemys adiutrix — TTWG 2014: 360
Trachemys adiutrix — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017
Trachemys dorbigni adiutrix — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys dorbigni brasiliensis FREIBERG 1969
Pseudemys dorbignyi brasiliensis FREIBERG 1969
Pseudemys dorbigni brasiliensis — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 55
Trachemys dorbigni brasiliensis — SEIDEL & ERNST 2017 
DistributionBrazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Uruguay, N Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Santa Fe)

Type locality: Buenos Aires

adiutrix: Brazil (Maranhao, Piaui); Type locality: “Brasil: Maranhão: Santo Amaro, 02°33'S, 43°14'W.”

brasiliensis: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Type locality: "Rio Guaíba, Porto Alegre [Rio Grande do Sul], Brasil"  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 9221
Holotype: MACN 23628 [brasiliensis]
Holotype: MZUSP 3224. Paratypes: MZUSP 3221–23, 3225, USNM 329467 (formerly MZUSP 3226) (alcoholic male, CL 144 mm), from the type locality, collected by Paulo E. Vanzolini and Maria do Socorro Pinheiro, 9–11 Mar 1993. One of the specimens was cited as MZUSP 3226 in the original description [adiutrix] 
CommentSubspecies: Trachemys dorbigni nebulosa (VAN DENBURGH 1895) has been elevated to full species status. FRITZ & HAVAS 2007 do not recognize any subspecies of T. dorbigni.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers)

NCBI TaxonID: 365622 [adiutrix] 
EtymologyThe feminine Latin adiutrix, helper, honors Dr. Maria do Socorro Pinheiro, who rediscovered the species and was Vanzolini’s fi eld companion. 
References
  • Alcalde, Leandro; Natacha N. Derocco, Sergio D. Rosset, and Jorge D. Williams 2012. Southernmost Localities of Trachemys dorbigni and First Record of Trachemys scripta elegans for Argentina (Cryptodira: Emydidae). Chelonian Conservation and Biology 11 (1): 128-133. - get paper here
  • Bager, A.; de Freitas, T.R.O. & Krause, L. 2007. Nesting ecology of a population of Trachemys dorbignyi (Emydidae) in Southern Brazil. Herpetologica 63 (1): 56-65 - get paper here
  • Bager, Alex and João L. O. Rosado 2010. Estimation of Core Terrestrial Habitats for Freshwater Turtles in Southern Brazil Based on Nesting Areas. Journal of Herpetology 44 (4): 658–662 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bujes, Clóvis S.; Flávio B. Molina, and Laura Verrastro 2011. Population Characteristics of Trachemys dorbigni (Testudines, Emydidae) from Delta Do Jacuí State Park, Rio Grande Do Sul, Southern Brazil. South American J. Herp. 6 (1): 27-34. - get paper here
  • Cabrera, Mario R.; Carlos A. Luna 2011. Presencia de Trachemys Agassiz, 1857 (Testudines, Emydidae)en el Pleistoceno tardío del centro de la Argentina. Cuadernos de Herpetología 25 (2): 36-41 - get paper here
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Clavijo-Baquet, Sabrina and Larisa Magnone 2017. Daily and Seasonal Basking Behavior in Two South American Freshwater Turtles, Trachemys dorbigni and Phrynops hilarii Chelonian Conservation and Biology 16 (1): 62-69. - get paper here
  • Daza, J.M. & Páez, V.P. 2007. Morphometric variation and its effect on reproductive potential in female Colombian Slider Turtles (Trachemys callirostris callirostris). Herpetologica 63 (2): 125-134 - get paper here
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  • Fritz U 1990. Haltung und Nachzucht der Jamaika-Schmuckschildkröte Trachemys terrapen (LACÉPÈDE, 1788) und Bemerkungen zur Fortpflanzungsstrategie von neotropischen Schmuckschildkröten der Gattung Trachemys. Salamandra 26 (1): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Bienert, H.-D. 1981. Übersicht über die neuweltliche Sumpfschildkrötengattung Chrysemys GRAY (Pseudemys GRAY = Synonym für Chrysemys GRAY). Herpetofauna 3 (10): 17-22 - get paper here
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  • Hennig, A.S. 2003. Schmuckschildkröten aus Nordamerika. Draco 4 (13): 73-78 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. & Webb,R.G. 1970. A New Slider Turtle (Pseudemys scripta) from Sonora, Mexico. Herpetologica 26: 157-168 - get paper here
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  • Martínez Silvestre, A. & Arias Bernal, L. 2004. Trachemys scripta callirostris: biology, use, and conservation of the Slider Turtle in Colombia. Reptilia (GB) (36): 48-53 - get paper here
  • Martinez-Silvestre, A. & Arias-Bernal, I. 2005. Trachemys callirostris callirostris: Biologie, Nutzung und Schutz der Kinnfleck-Schmuckschildkröte in Kolumbien. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 78-82 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R.; Frank Köhler, Alexander Gutsche and Leonardo Valdés Orellana 2013. Trachemys grayi emolli (Testudines, Emydidae) in Honduras and its systematic relationships based on mitochondrial DNA. Zoosystematics and Evolution 89 (1): 21–29 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Bemerkenswerte Süßwasserschildkröten aus Brasilien. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48 (1): 71-82
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  • Rodrigues, João Fabrício Mota; Marco Túlio Pacheco Coelho, José Alexandre Felizola Diniz-Filho 2016. Exploring intraspecific climatic niche conservatism to better understand species invasion: the case of Trachemys dorbigni (Testudines, Emydidae). Hydrobiologia, DOI: 10.1007/s10750-016-2805-8 - get paper here
  • Santana, Daniel Oliveira; Crizanto Brito De-Carvalho, Stéphanie Menezes Rocha, Evellyn Borges de Freitas and Renato Gomes Faria. 2014. Trachemys dorbigni (Duméril & Bibron, 1835) (Testudines: Emydidae) recorded in an artificial pond in northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 7: 211-213 - get paper here
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  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
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  • Vargas-Ramírez M, del Valle C, Ceballos CP, Fritz U. 2017. Trachemys medemi n. sp. from northwestern Colombia turns the biogeography of South American slider turtles upside down. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 2017;55:326–339 - get paper here
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