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Trachemys stejnegeri SCHMIDT, 1928

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesTrachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri (SCHMIDT 1928)
Trachemys stejnegeri malonei (BARBOUR & CARR 1938)
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina (BARBOUR & CARR 1940) 
Common NamesPuerto Rican Slider 
SynonymTrachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri (SCHMIDT 1928)
Pseudemys stejnegeri SCHMIDT 1928
Emys olivacea GRAY 1855 (non E. o. SCHWEIGGER 1812)
Redamia olivacea — GRAY 1873: 111
Pseudemys stejnegeri stejnegeri — BARBOUR & CARR 1940
Pseudemys terrapen stejnegeri — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Pseudemys terrapen stejnegeri — RIVERO 1978
Trachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri — IVERSON 1986
Trachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 178
Trachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri — TTWG 2014
Trachemys stejnegeri stejnegeri — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys stejnegeri malonei (BARBOUR & CARR 1938)
Pseudemys malonei BARBOUR & CARR 1938
Pseudemys terrapen malonei — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Trachemys stejnegeri malonei — IVERSON 1986
Trachemys stejnegeri malonei — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 178
Trachemys stejnegeri malonei — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys stejnegeri malonei — TTWG 2014
Trachemys stejnegeri malonei — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017

Trachemys stejnegeri vicina (BARBOUR & CARR 1940)
Pseudemys stejnegeri vicina BARBOUR & CARR 1940
Pseudemys terrapen vicina — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — IVERSON 1986
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — FRITZ 1990
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 178
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — POWELL et al. 1999
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — SEIDEL 2002
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — TTWG 2014
Trachemys stejnegeri vicina — VARGAS-RAMÍREZ et al. 2017 
DistributionHispaniola, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Great Inagua, Bahamas, Marie-Galante (introduced), Guadeloupe.

malonei: Bahamas Islands, Great Inagua

vicina: Hispaniola, north of Plaine de Cul de Sac - Valle de Neiba.

Type locality: "San Juan, Porto Rico" (=San Juan, Puerto Rico).  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 25642. (malonei: MCZ 44338; vicina: FMNH 5977)
Holotype: MCZ 44338, adult female, collected by Malone, McLean, and Shreve,July,1938 [malonei]
Holotype: FMNH 5977, adult female, collected by Emil Kaempfer, 1924 [vicina] 
Diagnosis 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1904; Schmidt, 1928; Barbour and Carr, 1940 (as Pseudemys s. stejnegeri, Ps. s. malonei); Cochran, 1941 (as Pseudemys vicina); Wermuth and Mertens, 1961 (as Pseudemys terrapen steinegeri); Pinchon, 1967; Rivero, 1978; Seidel and Incháustegui M., 1984; Fritz, 1988; Seidel, 1988.

Habitat: freshwater (lakes, ponds, rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after Leonhard Hess Stejneger (1851-1943), Norwegian-born herpetologist who moved to the US in 1881 and became curator of reptiles at the Smithsonian Institution in 1889. 
References
  • Barbour, T., and A. Carr. 1940. Antillean terrapins. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Harvard University, Cambridge. 54: 381-415. - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas; Carr, Archie Fairly 1938. Another Bahamian fresh-water tortoise. Proc. New England zool. Club 17: 75-76
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Breuil, Michel; Fortuné Guiougou; Karl Questel; Béatrice Ibéné 2009. Modifications du peuplement herpétologique dans les Antilles françaises disparitions et espèces allochtones - 1 ère partie: Historique - Amphibiens. Le Courrier de la Nature n° 249: 30-37
  • Breuil, Michel; Fortuné Guiougou; Karl Questel; Béatrice Ibéné 2009. Modifications du peuplement les Antilles françaises, 2 ème partie. Le Courrier de la Nature n° 251: 36-43
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Fritz U 1990. Haltung und Nachzucht der Jamaika-Schmuckschildkröte Trachemys terrapen (LACÉPÈDE, 1788) und Bemerkungen zur Fortpflanzungsstrategie von neotropischen Schmuckschildkröten der Gattung Trachemys. Salamandra 26 (1): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. 1988. Zur Variabilität der Carapaxzeichnung von Trachemys decorata (Barbour and Carr, 1940) und Trachemys steinegeri vicina (Barbour and Carr, 1940) (Testudines: Emydidae). Salamandra 24 (2-3): 175-78 - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1931. Notes on Pseudemys stejnegeri Schmidt. Copeia 1931 (2): 142 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1873. Notes on the tortoises of the ‘Zoology of Mexico’ of MM.A. Duméril and Bocourt. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 12: 109-114 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P.; Joseph-Ouni, M. & Uhrig, D. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations #22: Sliders of the Caribbean Islands. Reptilia (GB) (42): 81-83 - get paper here
  • Parham, James F.; Theodore J. Papenfuss, Peter Paul van Dijk, Byron S. Wilson, Cristian Marte, Lourdes Rodriguez Schettino, W. Brian Simison 2013. Genetic introgression and hybridization in Antillean freshwater turtles (Trachemys) revealed by coalescent analyses of mitochondrial and cloned nuclear markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67 (1):176–187 - get paper here
  • Pinchon, Père R. 1967. III. -Tortues antillaises. In: Quelques Aspects de la Nature aux Antilles. MM. Ozanne et Cie., Caen:45-58.
  • Powell, R. & Henderson, R.W. 2003. A second set of addenda to the checklist of West Indian Amphibians ad Reptiles. Herpetological Review 34 (4): 341-345 - get paper here
  • Powell, R. & Incháustegui, S.J. 2009. Conservation of the herpetofauna of the Dominican Republic. Applied Herpetology 6: 103–122 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, Robert P.; Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 626: 1-49 - get paper here
  • Rivero, J.A. 1978. Los anfibios y reptiles de Puerto Rico. M. Pareja Montana, 16, Barcelona, Espafia: x + 152 + 148pp.
  • Schmidt, K.P. 1928. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands: Amphibians and land reptiles of Porto Rico, with a list of those reported from the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences 10 (1):160 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Seidel M E 1988. Trachemys stejnegeri (Schmidt). Central Antillean slider. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (( 441) : 1-3 - get paper here
  • Seidel M E 1988. Revision of the West Indian emydid turtles (Testudines). American Museum Novitates (2918): 1-41 - get paper here
  • Seidel, M.E., and S.J. Inchaustegui. 1984. Status of the Trachemyd turtles (Testudines: Emydidae) in Hispaniola. Journal of Herpetology 18 (4): 468-479 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. 2002. Taxonomic observations on extant species and subspecies of slider turtles, genus Trachemys. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 285-292 - get paper here
  • Seidel, Michael E. & Carl H. Ernst 2017. A Systematic Review of the Turtle Family Emydidae Vertebrate Zoology 67 (1): 1–122 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1904. The herpetology of Porto Rico. Rept. United States Natl. Mus. 1902: 549-724.
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Vargas-Ramírez M, del Valle C, Ceballos CP, Fritz U. 2017. Trachemys medemi n. sp. from northwestern Colombia turns the biogeography of South American slider turtles upside down. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 2017;55:326–339 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H., and R. Mertens. 1961. Schildkröten, Krokodile, Brückenechsen. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena. xxvi + 422 pp.
 
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