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Trachylepis brevicollis (WIEGMANN, 1837)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesShort-necked Skink, Sudan Mabuya 
SynonymEuprepes brevicollis WIEGMANN 1837: 133
Euprepes pyrrhocephalus WIEGMANN 1837: 133 (fide BOULENGER 1887)
Scincus cryptocephalus EHRENBERG in STRESEMANN 1954 (nomen nudum)
Eupressis perrottetii BLANFORD 1870
Mabuia pulchra MATSCHIE 1893
Mabuya chanleri STEJNEGER 1893: 721 (fide BOULENGER 1896)
Mabuia brevicollis — ANDERSON 1896: 47
Mabuia brevicollis chanleri — NEUMANN 1905
Mabuia Rotschildi MOCQUARD 1905: 286 (fide BRYGOO 1985: 92)
Mabuya brevicollis CALABRESI 1915: 241
Mabuya somalica CALABRESI 1915: 242
Mabuia somalica — SCORTECCI 1929: 259
Mabuia brevicollis — SCORTECCI 1929: 324
Mabuya brevicollis — LOVERIDGE 1936: 67
Mabuya brevicollis — DREWES 1972
Mabuya brevicollis — ARNOLD 1986
Mabuya brevicollis — GREER et al. 2000
Euprepis brevicollis — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Trachylepis brevicollis — BAUER 2003
Mabuya brevicollis — CIMATTI 2006
Mabuya brevicollis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Mabuya brevicollis — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010
Trachylepis brevicollis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 137 
DistributionSudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman

Type locality: “Abyssinia” = Eritrea; the precise locality is probably Massawa [= Mitsiwa] (fide SCHÄTTI & GASPERETTI 1994) or Hauakil [= Howakil Island], Eritrea (fide SCHÄTTI & GÜNTHER 2001).  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 1221-1222
Syntypes: ZMB 1219-1220, from the Ashiq islets [pyrrhocephalus]
Holotype: MNHN (= MHNP) 1905.165 [rohschildi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Large, to about 140 mm snout-vent length; scales on neck, back and flanks each with double keel; 5 upper labials from snout to subocular. 1st supraocular in contact with frontal shield; young usually boldly blotched; adults more or less uniform, males often having dark, light-spotted heads (Fig. 6) (Arnold, 1986a:429; Leviton et al., 1992, Bahmani et al. 2016). 
CommentPlate V.2 in Tornier 1899. Peters (1864) considered Euprepes pyrrhocephalus as a valid species. Anderson (1895) concluded that pyrrhocephalus and brevicollis represent male and female of the same species. 
Etymology 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians made by Colonel Yerbury at Aden and its neighbourhood. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1895: 635—663 - get paper here
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Bahmani, Zahed; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani; Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani 2016. Systematics of the Genus Trachylepis Fitzinger, 1843 (Sauria: Scincidae) in Iran: A review. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, DOI:10.22067/ijab.v12i2.54565 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. On the identity of Lacerta punctata Linnaeus, 1758, the type species of the genus Euprepis Wagler, 1830, and the generic assignment of Afro-Malagasy skinks. African Journal of Herpetology 52:1-7. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George Albert 1896. Report on Capt. Bottego's second collection of reptiles and batrachians from Somaliland. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova Serie 2, 17: 15-23, 1 plate - get paper here
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  • Günther, Rainer, Alison S. Whiting and Aaron M. Bauer 2005. Description of a new species of African skink of the genus Trachylepis (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae). Herpetozoa 18 (1-2): 11-24 - get paper here
  • Kingdon, R. & Spawls, S. 2010. A new gregarious species of Trachylepis (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) from Lolui Island, Lake Victoria, Uganda, with a key to Ugandan Trachylepis. African Journal of Herpetology 59 (2): 123-132 - get paper here
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