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Trachylepis loluiensis KINGDON & SPAWLS, 2010

IUCN Red List - Trachylepis loluiensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLoloui Island skink 
SynonymTrachylepis loluiensis KINGDON & SPAWLS 2010
Trachylepis loluiensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 140 
DistributionUganda

Type locality: Granite outcrops at Kandege Fishing Village, south side of Lolui Island, Lake Victoria, Uganda, elevation 1134 m, 00°08’ S, 33° 41’ E.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 89371; paratypes: ZMB 79567 (formlery ZFMK 93873) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A relatively large robust species of Trachylepis. It is identified to the genus by the following combination of characters: four-limbed lizard, body covered with relatively large scales, dorsal and ventral scales polished, dorsal and ventral scales not highly differentiated (i.e. no great variation in size or structure), nostril well separated from the rostral shield, eyelids fully moveable and capable of closing the eye, lower eyelid with a large transparent disc, dorsal scales keeled, limbs pentadactyl and well developed, no femoral pores. Distinguished from all other African members of the genus by the following combination of characters: (1) relatively large and robust, up to at least 226 mm total length; (2) a unique colour pattern; mottled black and gold or black and cream dorsally (in some individuals the two colours appear to form irregular diffuse vertical flank bars, some individuals have two fine golden dorso-lateral stripes, and some specimens have a poorly defined, fine irregular golden vertebral stripe); (3) a midbody scale count of 38-41; (4) dorsal scales mostly tricarinate (range from 2 to 5), up to 7 keels on some tail scales; and (5) scales on the soles of the feet and hands keeled and spiny. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Lolui Island, in Ugandan waters of Lake Victoria, where the skink is found. 
References
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Kingdon, R. & Spawls, S. 2010. A new gregarious species of Trachylepis (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) from Lolui Island, Lake Victoria, Uganda, with a key to Ugandan Trachylepis. African Journal of Herpetology 59 (2): 123-132 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
 
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