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Tretioscincus agilis (RUTHVEN, 1916)

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSmooth Tegu 
SynonymCalliscincopus agilis RUTHVEN 1916: 2
Tretioscincus romani ANDERSSON 1918: 5
Tretioscincus brasiliensis MÜLLER 1923: 55
Calliscincopus romani - AMARAL 1937a: 1739
Calliscincopus agilis — DONOSO-BARROS 1968
Tretioscincus agilis - VANZOLINI & REBOUCAS-SPIEKER 1969: 124 (part)
Tretioscincus agilis — PETERS et al. 1970: 262
Tretioscincus agilis— DO NASCIMENTO et al. 1987
Tretioscincus agilis — CASTOE et al. 2004 
DistributionGuyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil (Amazonas, Para), Venezuela
Colombia [Castro,F. (pers. comm.)]

Type locality: Sand ridges on Demerara River near Dunoon, Guyana. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 47798
Holotype: NRM [Tretioscincus romani] 
CommentThe reference for Colombia (AYALA 1986) might represent the recently described species T. oriximinensis. Fitch (1968) erroneously reported T. agilis from Ecuador by misidentifying Iphisa elegans (Avila-Pires 1995). Synonymy mainly after PETERS et al. 1970. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “agilis” = mobile, agile, swift. 
References
  • Andersson, L. G. 1918. New lizards from South America. Collected by Nils Holmgren and A. Roman. Arkiv för Zoologi 11 (16): 1—9
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Ayala, S. C. 1986. Saurios de Colombia: Lista actualizada, y distribucion de ejemplares colombianos en los museos. Caldasia 15 (71-75): 555-575
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1968. The lizards of Venezuela (checklist and key). Carib. J. Sci. 8 (3-4): 105-122
  • Gardner, T.A., Ribeiro Junior, M.A., BarlowJ., Avila-Pires, T.C.S., Hoogmoed, M.S. & Peres, C. 2007. The Value of Primary, Secondary, and Plantation Forests for a Neotropical Herpetofauna. Conservation Biology 21 (3): 775–787
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Müller, L. 1923. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Batrachier der Zoologischen Sammlung des bayr. Staates. Zool. Anz. 57 (3-4): 49-61 - get paper here
  • Nascimento F Paiva do; de Avila-Pires T C Sauer; da Cunha O Rodrigues 1987. Os repteis da area de Carajas, Para, Brasil (Squamata). 2. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi NOVA SERIE ZOOLOGIA 3(1) 1987: 33-65
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Paolillo 1985. Herpetological Review 16: 31-32 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. & SILVANA AMARAL 2017. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. IV. Alopoglossidae, Gymnophthalmidae Zootaxa 4269 (2): 151-196
  • Ruthven, A. G. 1916. Description of a new genus and species of lizard from British Guiana. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan (22): 4 pp.
  • Vanzolini, P. E. & Rebouças-Spieker, Regina 1969. On a large and surprising sample of Calliscincopus agilis from Brasil, with the invalidation of the genus (Sauria, Teiidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 22 (13): 123-144
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
 
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