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Trilepida salgueiroi (AMARAL, 1955)

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Epictinae, Epictini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesEspiritú Santo Blind Snake 
SynonymLeptotyphlops salgueiroi AMARAL 1955
Leptotyphlops salgueiroi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 41
Tricheilostoma salgueiroi — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Trilepida salgueiroi — HEDGES 2011
Tricheilostoma salgueiroi — PINTO & FERNANDES 2012
Trilepida salgueiroi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 740 
DistributionBrazil (Espirito Santo, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, Bahia).

Type locality: Ita [= Baixo Guandu], Espirito Santo, Brazil Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: IB (= IBSP) 8876 (Instituto Butantan) 
CommentDiagnosis − Distinguished from all congeners by the combination of a total length reaching 351mm; rostral not contacting the line connecting anterior margins of eyes; supraoculars present, small, not contacting supralabials; prefrontal small, slightly longer than wide; three supralabials, two between nasal and ocular, one behind the ocular; five scales along the edge of the upper lip between rostral and corner of mouth; one temporal scale behind third supralabial; four infralabials on both sides; dorsals 217-226 in males and 230-232 in females; subcaudals 17-23 in both sexes; 10 scales around the middle of tail; dorsal ground color uniformly brown; ventral ground color light brown, ventral scales with widely white edges, forming a reticulate pattern; hemipenis with a narrow basal portion. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the holotype, W.S.Salgueiro. 
References
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Amaral, A. 1955. Contribuicao ao conhecimento dos ofidios neotropicos: 14. Descricao de duas especies novas de "cobra-cega" (fam. Leptotyphlopidae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 26: 203-205 [1954] - get paper here
  • Figueiredo-de-Andrade, Caio A. ; Carlos Henrique de Oliveira Nogueira and Carlos Alberto Pereira 2011. Filling gaps on the distribution of Tricheilostoma salgueiroi (Amaral, 1955) in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Check List 7 (4): 409-410 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • HEDGES, S. BLAIR 2011. The type species of the threadsnake genus Tricheilostoma Jan revisited (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 3027: 63–64 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Passos, P.; Daramaschi, U. & Pino, R.R. 2005. Rediscovery and redescription of Leptotyphlops salgueiroi AMARAL, 1954 (Squamata, Serpentes, Leptotyphlopidae). Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro (Zoologia) (520): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Passos, Paulo; Caramaschi, Ulisses; Pinto, Roberta R. 2006. Redescription of Leptotyphlops koppesi Amaral, 1954, and description of a new species of the Leptotyphlops dulcis group from Central Brazil (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (3): 347-357 - get paper here
  • Pinto, Roberta R. and Ronaldo Fernandes 2012. A New Blind Snake Species of the Genus Tricheilostoma from Espinhaço Range, Brazil and Taxonomic Status of Rena dimidiata (Jan, 1861) (Serpentes: Epictinae: Leptotyphlopidae). Copeia 2012 (1): 37-48. - get paper here
  • Silva-Soares, T.; R.B. Ferreira; R.O.L. Salles; C.F.D. Rocha. 2011. Continental, insular and coastal marine reptiles from the municipality of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 290-298 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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