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Trimeresurus gracilis OSHIMA, 1920

IUCN Red List - Trimeresurus gracilis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesKikuchi Habu 
SynonymTrimeresurus gracilis OSHIMA 1920
Trimeresurus gracilis — WELCH 1994: 115
Trimeresurus gracilis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 333
Trimeresurus gracilis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Trimeresurus gracilis — ZHAO 2006
Oxyus gracilis — HOSER 2012 (preliminary)
Ovophis gracilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 513 
DistributionTaiwan

Type locality: Formosa Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: described from a single specimen but deposition not given; formerly at Institute of Science, Taiwan, according to Leviton 1968: 565. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Not assigned to any genus by MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004.

The generic status of Trimeresurus gracilis Oshima, 1920 is unclear. This species probably belongs to another genus which has yet to be named (DAVID et al. 2011). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “gracilis”, meaning small or lanky, or gracile. 
References
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Hoser, R. 2012. A new genus of Asian pitviper (Serpentes: Viperidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 51-52 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1968. The venomous terrestrial snakes of East Asia, India, Malaya and Indonesia. in Bucherl, Buckley, & Deulofeu, eds., Vol. 1: 529-576.
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Oshima, S. 1920. Notes on the venomous snakes from the islands of Formosa and Riu Kiu. Annu. Report. Inst. Sci. Govt. Formosa, (ser. 8) 2: 1-99 - get paper here
  • Tu, M.-C. et al. 2000. Phylogeny, Taxonomy, and Biogeography of the Oriental Pitvipers of the Genus Trimeresurus (Reptilia: Viperidae: Crotalinae): A Molecular Perspective. Zoological Science 17: 1147–1157 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Trimeresurus&species=gracilis

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