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Trimeresurus insularis KRAMER, 1977

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWhite-lipped island pitviper 
SynonymTrimeresurus albolabris insularis KRAMER 1977: 755
Trimeresurus viridis LACÉPÈDE 1804: 209 (nomen oblitum)
Trimeresurus insularis — GIANNASI et al. 2001
Trimeresurus insularis — KUCH 2002
Trimeresurus insularis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Cryptelytrops insularis — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) insularis — DAVID et al. 2011
Trimeresurus insularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 742 
DistributionIndonesia (Adonara, Alor, Bali, Flores, Komodo, Lombok, Padar, Rinca, Romang, Roti, Sumba, Sumbawa, Timor, Wetar, Java), Timor-Leste

Type locality: Soe, Timor.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMBA (= NHMB) 12773; paratypes: MHNG
Lectotype: MNHN 4057 [of Trimeresurus viridis Lacépède, 1804] 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: The subspecies insularis and septentrionalis have been raised to full species status by GIANNASI et al. (2001) based on RFLPs. I [P.U.] don’t believe that sequence polymorphisms are reliable markers for (sub-) species boundaries as they do not serve as a reliable marker for reproductive isolation.

Type species: Trimeresurus viridis LACÉPÈDE 1804 (= Trimeresurus insularis KRAMER 1977) is the type species of Trimeresurus LACÉPÈDE 1804, fide DAVID et al. 2011. 
Etymology 
References
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Giannasi NICHOLAS, THORPE ROGER S. and MALHOTRA ANITA 2001. The use of amplified fragment length polymorphism in determining species trees at fine taxonomic levels: analysis of a medically important snake, Trimeresurus albolabris. Molecular Ecology 10: 419-426
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Tri, Ngo Van; Grismer, Jesse L. 2008. A new species of insular pitviper of the genus Cryptelytrops (Squamata: Viperidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 1715: 57-68 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Kaiser, H.; C. Sanchez; S. Heacox; A. Kathriner; A.V. Ribeiro; Z.A. Soares; L.L. Araujo; S. Mecke; M. O’Shea 2013. First Report on the Herpetofauna of Ataúro Island, Timor-Leste. Check List 9 (4):752-762 - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Kuch, Ulrich 2002. Records of Trimeresurus insularis Kramer, 1977 from Bali, Indonesia. Herpetozoa 15 (3/4):180-182 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Lang, Ruud de 2012. Snakes of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara), Indonesia. Edition Chimaira, 349 pp.
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • O’SHEA, Mark; Caitlin SANCHEZ, Andrew KATHRINER, Sven MECKE, Venancio LOPES CARVALHO, Agivedo VARELA RIBEIRO, Zito AFRANIO SOARES, Luis LEMOS DE ARAUJO and Hinrich KAISER 2015. Herpetological Diversity of Timor-Leste: Updates and a Review of Species Distributions. Asian Herpetological Research 6 (2): 73–131
  • O’SHEA, Mark; Caitlin SANCHEZ, Scott HEACOX, Andrew KATHRINER, Venancio LOPES CARVALHO, Agivedo VARELA RIBEIRO, Zito AFRANIO SOARES, Luis LEMOS DE ARAUJO and Hinrich KAISER 2012. First Update to Herpetofaunal Records from Timor-Leste. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (2): 114–126 - get paper here
  • REILLY, SEAN B.; ALEXANDER L. STUBBS, BENJAMIN R. KARIN, EVY ARIDA,<br /> DJOKO T. ISKANDAR, JIMMY A. MCGUIRE 2019. Recent and rapid colonization of the Lesser Sundas Archipelago from adjacent Sundaland by seven amphibian and reptile species. bioRxiv, posted online Mar. 9, 2019 - get paper here
  • Reilly, Sean B., Kristopher P. Harmon, Jimmy A. McGuire, Evy Arida, Amir Hamidy and Djoko T. Iskandar. 2016. Trimeresurus insularis (White-lipped Island Pit Viper) Foraging behavior and diet. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 318-319 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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