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Trimeresurus macrolepis BEDDOME, 1862

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLarge-scaled Pit Viper 
SynonymTrimeresurus macrolepis BEDDOME 1862: 2
Peltopelor macrolepis — GÜNTHER 1864
Trigonocephalus macrolepis — FERGUSON 1895
Lachesis macrolepis BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus macrolepis — SMITH 1943: 505
Trimeresurus macrolepis — WELCH 1994: 115
Trimeresurus macrolepis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 338
Trimeresurus macrolepis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Peltopelor macrolepis — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Peltopelor) macrolepis — DAVID et al. 2011
Peltopelor macrolepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 546 
DistributionS India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Type locality: Anamallay Mountains at 6000 feet elevation and Pulney Hills at 4000 ft elevation [= Anamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu, and Palni Hills, Kerala]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.18.72 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: The genus Peltopelor GÜNTHER 1864 was resurrected by MALHOTRA et al. (2004) for the species macrolepis (which is also its type species), and is diagnosed by a combination of a long calyculate hemipenis and enlarged head scales. 
References
  • Beddome, R.H. 1862. Notes upon the land and freshwater snakes of the Madras Presidency. Madras Quart. J. Med. Sci., 5: 1-31
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; Subramanian Bhupathy, Patrick David, N. Sathishkumar, G. Srinivas 2014. Snake Fauna of High Wavy Mountains, Western Ghats, India: Species Richness, Status, and Distribution Pattern. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (1): 53-64
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. A Popular Treatise on the Common Indian Snakes. Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 1-17 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
 
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