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Trimeresurus nebularis VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS, 2004

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesCameron Highlands pitviper, Clouded Pit viper 
SynonymTrimeresurus nebularis VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS 2004
Trimeresurus gramineus — BOULENGER 1912: 217 (part.) (non Coluber gramineus Shaw, 1802)
Trimeresurus gramineus — SMITH 1930: 90 (part.)
Trimeresurus gramineus — SMEDLEY 1932: 123
Trimeresurus gramineus — HOGE & ROMANO HOGE 1981: 257 (part.)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — TWEEDIE 1954: 117 (part.)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — TWEEDIE 1957: 121 (part.)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — TWEEDIE 1983: 139 (part.) (non Trimeresurus popeiorum SMITH 1937)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — LIM 1982: cover, 20 & 21: Fig. 22)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — LIM 1990: 393, 394: Fig. 7
Trimeresurus popeiorum — LIM 1991: cover, 23 (Fig. 25)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — LIM et al. 1995: 361 (part.)
Trimeresurus popeiorum — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN (1997: 409: Fig. 316).
Trimeresurus popae — TWEEDIE 1940: 131 (part.)
Trimeresurus popeorum — LIM 1982: 21 [partim].
Trimeresurus popeiorum ssp. — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 199
Trimeresurus popeiorum ssp. — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 199 [bottom], 200 [both pictures])
Trimeresurus nebularis — DAVID et al. 2009
Trimeresurus (Popeia) nebularis — DAVID et al. 2011
Trimeresurus nebularis — LIVIGNI 2013: 396
Popeia nebularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 575
Popeia nebularis — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 292
Trimeresurus nebularis — MULCAHY et al. 2017 
DistributionWest Malaysia (Cameron Highlands, endemic), Thailand

Type locality: Gunung Brinchang [now Gunung Batu Berinchang], Cameron Highlands, State of Pahang, West Malaysia.

Popeia inornata: West Malaysia; Type locality: Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: USNM 142425; Paratypes in ZFMK, IRSNB, MNHN, ZRC

Holotype (P. inornata): ZMB (Institut für systematische Zoologie, Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany) 66281, adult male, collected by indiginous collectors, July 2002. Paratypes: BMNH, CAS 
CommentVenomous! For synonymy and references see VOGEL, DAVID & PAUWELS 2004. This paper was published 15 Nov 2004 and thus T. nebularis may be a junior synonym of Popeia inornata. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin adjective nebularis, meaning “from the clouds”, in allusion to the cloudy montane rainforests, or cloud forests, inhabited by this species.

Etymology (P. inornata): The specific epithet inornata is an adjective in the feminine singular gender. The scientific name of the new species alludes to the fact that adult males of P. inornata lack ornamentation by a distinctive orange to brick red ventrolateral stripe, which is typically present in adult males of sexually dimorphic members of the genus Popeia, and that both sexes show reduction of the white lateral stripe. 
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David, P., Petri, M., Vogel, G. & G. Doria 2009. A new species of pitviper of the genus Trimeresurus (Popeia) from northern Sumatra (REPTILIA, SQUAMATA, VIPERIDAE). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova 100: 323-346
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Lim, Boo Liat 1982. Poisonous snakes of peninsular Malaysia, 2.ed. Malayan Nature Soc., Kuala Lumpur 73 pp.
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • MULCAHY, DANIEL G.; JUSTIN L. LEE, ARYEH H. MILLER, GEORGE R. ZUG 2017. Troublesome Trimes: Potential cryptic speciation of the Trimeresurus (Popeia) popeiorum complex (Serpentes: Crotalidae) around the Isthmus of Kra (Myanmar and Thailand). Zootaxa 4347 (2): 301-315 - get paper here
  • Sanders, K. L., A. Malhotra, A. Gumprecht, R. S. Thorpe & U. Kuch 2004. Popeia inornata, a new species of pitviper from West Malaysia (Squamata: Viperidae: Crotalinae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 11(3): 171-184 - get paper here
  • Sumontha,M., Kunya,K., S. G. Pauwels,O., Nitikul,A., and Punnadee,S. 2011. Trimeresurus (Popeia) phuketensis, a New Pitviper (Squamata: Viperidae) from Phuket Island, Southwestern Thailand. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 11-17 - get paper here
  • Thompson, C. & Thompson, T. 2008. First contact in the Greater Mekong - new species discoveries. WWF, 40 pp. - get paper here
  • Vogel, G.; David, P. & Pauwels, O.S.G. 2004. A review of morphological variation in Trimeresurus popeiorum (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 727: 1–63 - get paper here
  • Vogel, Gernot 2010. Zur Systematik der Schlangen der orientalischen Region: Forschungsdefizite führen zur Unterschätzung der Artenvielfalt. Ophidia 4 (2): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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