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Trimeresurus phuketensis SUMONTHA, KUNYA, PAUWELS, NITIKUL & PUNNADEE, 2011

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Phuket Pitviper
Thai: Ngoo Kheeow Hang Mai Phuket
F: Triméré- sure de Phuket
G: Phuket Bambusotter 
SynonymTrimeresurus (Popeia) phuketensis SUMONTHA, KUNYA, PAUWELS, NITIKUL & PUNNADEE 2011
Popeia phuketensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 575
Trimeresurus pukhetensis — DAVID & VOGEL 2015 (in error) 
DistributionSW Thailand (Phuket Island)

Type locality: Ban Bangrong, Thalang District, Phuket Island, Phuket Province, southwestern Thailand Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: THNHM 15905 (formerly MS 390), adult male. Collected by Kirati Kunya on 5 October 2009.
Paratypes (9). CUMZ R 2009.6.24-7 (formerly MS 397), adult male, 11 June 2008, same locality as holo- type. PSUZC-RT 2010.51 (formerly MS 405), juvenile male, and KZM 005, adult female, 5 October 2009, same locality as holotype. QSMI 1161 (formerly MS 375), KZM 004 (formerly MS 418), juvenile males; THNHM 15906 (formerly MS 155), CUMZ R 2009.6.24-8 (for- merly MS 158), KUMZ Rep-000317 (formerly MS 392), QSMI 1162 (formerly MS 419), juvenile females; all captive born on 5 March 2009 from a pair of snakes col- lected in June 2008 from the same locality as holotype. 
CommentDiagnosis. A species of the genus Trimeresurus Lacepède, 1804, subgenus Popeia Malhotra and Thorpe, 2004, characterized by (1) hemipenes long, reaching in situ at least the 25th SC, without spines; (2) 1st supralabial distinct from nasal; (3) 23 – 25 DSR around neck about one HL behind head; (4) 21 MSR, keeled; (5) overall col- oration green with reddish-brown crossbands in both males and females; (6) presence of a postocular streak, reddish brown in its wide upper part and white in its nar- row lower part, in both males and females; (7) thin, white (above) and red (below) ventrolateral stripe in males, light green (above) and red (below) ventrolateral stripe in females; (8) rather long tail with a ratio TaLGTL between 0.19 and 0.23 in males and between 0.17 and 0.18 in females; (9) occipital scales smooth or weakly keeled; and (10) temporal scales large, as large as posterior temporals. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is an adjective in reference to the type locality, Phuket Island. 
References
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David, P. & Vogel, G. 2015. An updated list of Asian pitvipers and a selection of recent publications, in: Visser: Asian Pitvipers. Breeding Experience & Wildlife. Frankfurt am Main, Edition Chimaira, 571pp. ISBN 978-3-89973-450-8 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, Andreas 2012. Aktuelles zur Taxonomie und Systematik asiatischer Grubenottern. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (1): 52-61
  • Sumontha,M., Kunya,K., S. G. Pauwels,O., Nitikul,A., and Punnadee,S. 2011. Trimeresurus (Popeia) phuketensis, a New Pitviper (Squamata: Viperidae) from Phuket Island, Southwestern Thailand. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 11-17 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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