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Trimeresurus sichuanensis (GUO & WANG, 2011)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Sichuan pitviper
Chinese: 四川华蝮 
SynonymSinovipera sichuanensis GUO & WANG 2011
Trimeresurus (Sinovipera) sichuanensis — DAVID et al. 2011
Sinovipera sichuanensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 678 
DistributionChina (Sichuan)

Type locality: Hejiang County, Sichuan Province, China  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: YBU 071077, an adult female (Figs. 3–4). It was collected near a small river in the forest by a local farmer at an elevation of 1000 m above sea level in August 2007. The specimen is deposited in Yibin University. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus and species): A genus of Asian pitviper within Trimeresurus (sensu lato) having the following combination of characters: (1) the first supralabial completely separated from the nasal; (2) a uniform green dorsum without postocular streak and ventrolateral stripes in females; (3) eyes deep red in females; (4) tail prehensile, its end rusty red in upper part; (5) large body size, with the maximum total length exceeding 1000 mm in females. 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Sinovipera sichuanensis is the type species of the genus Sinovipera GUO & WANG 2011.

Conservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016).

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe generic nomen Sinovipera is derived from the modern Latin adjective sinicus (a, um), based on the noun Sina (-ae), “China”, and the Latin noun Vipera (-ae), meaning '“a viper”. the species eptithet refers to the type locality in Sichuan Province. 
References
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, Andreas 2012. Aktuelles zur Taxonomie und Systematik asiatischer Grubenottern. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (1): 52-61 - get paper here
  • GUO, PENG; & YUEZHAO WANG 2011. A new genus and species of cryptic Asian green pitviper (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from southwest China. Zootaxa 2918: 1–14 - get paper here
  • Maritz, Bryan; Johannes Penner, Marcio Martins, Jelka Crnobrnja-Isailović, Stephen Spear, Laura R.V. Alencar, Jesús Sigala-Rodriguez, Kevin Messenger, Rulon W. Clark, Pritpal Soorae, Luca Luiselli, Chris Jenkins, Harry W. Greene 2016. Identifying global priorities for the conservation of vipers. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.004 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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