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Trimeresurus vogeli DAVID, VIDAL & PAUWELS, 2001

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesVogel’s Pit Viper 
SynonymTrimeresurus vogeli DAVID, VIDAL & PAUWELS, 2001
Trimeresurus vogeli — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Viridovipera vogeli — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Viridovipera vogeli — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Viridovipera vogeli — DAWSON et al. 2008
Trimeresurus (Viridovipera) vogeli — DAVID et al. 2011
Trimeresurus vogeli — LIVIGNI 2013: 396
Viridovipera vogeli — WALLACH et al. 2014: 790
Viridovipera vogeli — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 288 
DistributionThailand (Nakhon Ratchasima), Cambodia, Laos und Vietnam

Type locality: Headquarters area, Khao Yai National Park (14° 21’ N, 101° 31’ E), Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1999.9036, adult male 
CommentVenomous!

Diagnosis. A species of the genus Trimeresurus, characterized by (1) hemipenes short and strongly spinose, similar to Trimeresurus stejnegeri; (2) an overall green dorsum, rather dark green in males with faint dark crossbands, and bright, grass-green in females; (3) size very large, with distinct sexual dimorphism: females up to at least 1100 mm SVL, males seldom if ever above 800 mm SVL; (4) a constant lack of red color in the postocular streak in both males and females; this streak is whitish yellow and rather faint in males, and often absent in females; (5) a more or less well-defined white, whitish blue, whitish yellow or even bright yellow ventrolateral stripe in both sexes, not or rarely bordered below by a thin rusty red line in some adult or subadult males, a very unusual condition in the subgroup of T. stejnegeri, and never red in subadult and adult females; (6) the constant presence of white vertebral spots in males at any age, whereas they are always absent in females; (7) tail mostly green, with only the tip or the last 20% of its length mottled with rusty brown; (8) eyes yellow or yellowish green in both sexes; (9) tail average, with a ratio TaLTL in females ranging from 0.15 to 0.165; (10) large, thick heads in both sexes, very stout in females; (11) first supralabial distinct from nasal; (12) 21 dorsal scale rows at midbody, strongly keeled; (13) an elongated snout covered with rather small scales; (14) internasals always separated by 1 or 2 (rarely 3) scales; (15) large, irregular supraoculars, as wide as internasals, separated by 11 – 15 small and smooth cephalic scales. Trimeresurus vogeli differs from all other green pitvipers by the combination of the following characters: (1) its short, spinose hemipenis; (2) its first supralabials is separated from the nasal; (3) its ventrolateral stripes nearly always white, whitish blue or whitish yellow when present, very seldom red in males; (4) white vertebral spots are always present in males, always absent in females; (5) less than 174 ventrals; (6) no more than about 25% of its tail is rusty red. These and further characters are detailed below by DAVID et al. 2001. 
References
  • Akeret, B. 2004. Grundlagen der Giftschlangenhaltung. Draco 5 (17): 37-53 - get paper here
  • Campbell, P. et al. 2011. FHF snapshot. HerpNation 2.4 (7): 18-22 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David, P., G. Vogel, O.S.G. Pauwels & N. Vidal 2002. Description of a new species of the genus Trimeresurus from Thailand, related to Trimeresurus stejnegeri Schmidt, 1925 (Serpentes, Crotalidae). Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, 2 (1): 5-19 - get paper here
  • DAVID, P., N. VIDAL & S. G. PAUWELS 2001. A morphological study of Stejneger's pitviper Trimeresurus stejnegeri (Serpentes, Viperidae, Crotalinae), with the description of a new species from Thailand. Russ. J. Herpetol. 8 (3): 205-222 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Dawson, Karen; Anita Malhotra, Roger S. Thorpe, Peng Guo, Mrinalini and Thomas Ziegler 2008. Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals a new member of the Asian pitviper genus Viridovipera (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 356-361 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Grismer, Thomas R. Szutz and Timothy M. Youmans 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. et al. 2007. THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE PHNOM AURAL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY AND CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE CARDAMOM MOUNTAINS, CAMBODIA. Hamadryad 31 (2): 216 – 241 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., Neang, T., Chav, T. & Grismer, J.L. 2008. Checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the Cardamom region of Southwestern Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2008(1): 12–28 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Hoer, K. 2013. 27 Jahre Terrarianer – eine Zeitreise. Ophidia 7 (1): 25-33 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • Neang Thy, L.L. Grismer et al. 2010. First report of the herpetofauna of Dalai Mountain in Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sactuary, southwestern Cardamon Mountains, Cambodia. Cambodian J Nat. Hist. 2010 (2): 127-143 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Luan Thanh; Ha Van Hoang, Thang Tai Nguyen,<br />McCormack Timothy E.M., Sang Ngoc Nguyen 2016. A COLLECTION OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES FROM BAC HUONG HOA NATURE RESERVE, QUANG TRI PROVINCE, VIETNAM - get paper here
  • NGUYEN, SANG NGOC; LUAN THANH NGUYEN, VU DANG HOANG NGUYEN & ROBERT W. MURPHY 2017. Testing an alternative capture-analysis-release approach to document the reptile fauna of Hon Ba Nature Reserve, central Vietnam. Rufford Foundation Reports - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Stuart, B.; Sok, K. & Neang, T. 2006. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from hilly Eastern Cambodia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 129-155 - get paper here
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Thompson, C. & Thompson, T. 2008. First contact in the Greater Mekong - new species discoveries. WWF, 40 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • ZIEGLER, THOMAS; RALF HENDRIX, VU NGOC THANH, MARTINA VOGT, BERNHARD FORSTER & DANG NGOC KIEN 2007. The diversity of a snake community in a karst forest ecosystem in the central Truong Son, Vietnam, with an identification key. Zootaxa 1493: 1-40 - get paper here
 
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