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Trimorphodon lyrophanes (COPE, 1860)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Baja California Lyre Snake
G: Baja California-Lyraschlange 
SynonymLycodon lyrophanes COPE 1860: 343
Trimorphodon lyrophanes — COPE 1870: 152
Trimorphodon lyrophanes — MOCQUARD 1899: 330
Trimorphodon biscutatus vandenburghi KLAUBER 1924
Trimorphodon vandenburghi KLAUBER 1924: 17
Lycognathus lyrophanes — COCHRAN 1961: 164
Trimorphodon biscutatus vandenburghi — GEHLBACH 1971: 208
Trimorphodon biscutatus lyrophanes — GEHLBACH 1971: 208
Trimorphodon biscutatus vandenburghi — SCOTT & MCDIARMID 1984
Trimorphodon vandenburghi — SHINE 1994
Trimorphodon biscutatus lyrophanes — CROTHER 2000
Trimorphodon lyrophanes — DEVITT et al. 2008
Trimorphodon lyrophanes — WALLACH et al. 2014: 744 
DistributionUSA (S California)
Mexico (Baja California Sur)

Type locality: “Cape St. Lucas, Lower California”  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 4680, male, female
Holotype: CAS 58172, male [vandenburghi] 
Diagnosis 
Comment 
Etymology 
References
  • Cochran, Doris M. 1961. Type specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the United States National Museum. Bull. US Natl. Mus. (220): xvi + 291 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1861. Notes and descriptions of new and little-known species of American reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 339-345 [1860] - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1870. Seventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 11: 147-169 [1869] - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Devitt, T.J. 2006. PHYLOGEOGRAPHY OF THE WESTERN LYRE SNAKE (TRIMORPHODON BISCUTATUS): TESTING ARIDLAND BIOGEOGRAPHICAL HYPOTHESES ACROSS THE NEARCTIC–NEOTROPICAL TRANSITION. Molecular Ecology 15: 4387-4407
  • Devitt, Thomas J.; Travis J. LaDuc, and Jimmy A. McGuire 2008. The Trimorphodon biscutatus (Squamata: Colubridae) Species Complex Revisited: A Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Geographic Variation. Copeia 2008 (2): 370–387 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach, F. R. 1971. Lyre snakes in the Trimorphodon biscutatus complex: a taxonomic resume. Herpetologica 27: 200-211. - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Klauber, L.M. 1924. Notes on the distribution of snakes in San Diego County, California. Bull. Zool. Soc. San Diego 1: 1-22
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1899. Contribution a la faune herpétologique de la Basse-Californie. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Natur.Paris, 4th Series, Vol. 1: 297-343 + plates XI-XIII - get paper here
  • Scott, N. J., & MCDIARMID, R. W. 1984. Trimorphodon biscutatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (353): 1-4. - get paper here
  • Shine, Richard 1994. Sexual size dimorphism in snakes revisited. Copeia 1994 (2): 326-346 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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