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Trioceros rudis (BOULENGER, 1906)

IUCN Red List - Trioceros rudis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRuwenzori side-striped chameleon, Coarse Chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleon rudis BOULENGER 1906: 473
Chamaeleo bitaeniatus graueri STERNFELD 1912: 250
Chamaeleo bitaeniatus tornieri STERNFELD 1912
Chamaeleo burgeoni DE WITTE 1933: 120
Chamaeleo bitaeniatus burgeoni — DE WITTE 1953: 61
Chamaeleon bitaeniatus rudis — LOVERIDGE 1936: 77
Chamaeleon rudis BOULENGER 1911
Chamaeleo (Trioceros) rudis — NECAS 1999: 148
Chamaeleo rudis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 13
Chamaeleo rudis — RAZETTI & MSUYA 2002
Trioceros rudis — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Trioceros rudis — TILBURY 2010: 722 
DistributionBurundi, Rwanda, W Uganda, Kenya, E Zaire (Democratic Republic, Sudan (Tilbury 2010)

Type locality: Mt. Ruwenzori, Uganda Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.21.6. 
CommentKLAVER & BÖHME (1997) also include sternfeldi in the synonymy of C. rudis which is now considered as a valid species by many authors. 
References
  • Böhme, W. & Klaver, C.C. 1980. The systematic status of Chamaeleo kinetensis SCHMIDT 1943 (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae) from the Imantong Mountains, Sudan, with comments on lung and hemipenial morphology within the C. bitaeniatus group. Amphibia-Reptilia 1: 3-17 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, GEORGE A. 1906. On a new chameleon from Mount Ruwenzori. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 18: 473 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • de Witte, G. F. 1953. Reptiles. Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. Mission G. F. de Witte en collaboration avec W. Adam, A. Janssens, L. Van Meel et R. Verheyen (1946–1949). Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge. Brussels, vol. 6, 322 pp. - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Krause, P. & Böhme, W. 2010. Anew chameleon of the Trioceros bitaeniatus complex from Mt. Hanang, Tanzania, East Africa (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Bonn zool. Bull. 57 (1): 19-29 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 1998. Anmerkungen zu einer Nachzuchtstatistik. Elaphe 6 (4): 76-79
  • Lutzmann, N. 2016. Chamäleons. Immer wieder Neues Reptilia 21 (119): 16-24
  • Necas, P.; Modry, D.; Slapeta, J. R. 2003. Chamaeleo (Trioceros) narraioca n. sp. (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae), a new chameleon species from a relict montane forest of Mount Kulal, northern Kenya. Tropical Zoology 16 (1): 1-12 - get paper here
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Razzetti, E. & Msuya, C.A. 2002. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania). Publ. Ed. Negri Istituto, Oikos, Varese, 84 pp.
  • Roelke, Corey E. & Smith, E.N. 2010. Herpetofauna, Parc National des Volcans, North Province, Republic of Rwanda. Check List 6 (4): 525-531 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1912. Der Formenkreis des Chamaeleon bitaeniatus. Sber. Ges. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 7: 379-384.
  • STIPALA, JAN; NICOLA LUTZMÁNN, PATRICK K. MALONZA, LUCA BORGH-ESIO, PAUL WILKINSON, BRENDAN GODLEY, MATTHEW R. EVANS 2011. A new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae) from the highlands of northwest Kenya. Zootaxa 3002: 1–16 - get paper here
  • STIPALA, JAN; NICOLA LUTZMANN, PATRICK K. MALONZA, PAUL WILKINSON, BRENDAN GODLEY, JOASH NYAMACHE & MATTHEW R. EVANS 2012. A new species of chameleon (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae) from the Aberdare Mountains in the central highlands of Kenya. Zootaxa 3391: 1–22 - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Batraciens et reptiles recueillis par M.L. Burgeon au Ruwenzori, au Kivu et au Tanganika. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 24: 111- 123.
 
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