Tropicagama temporalis (GÜNTHER, 1867)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Tropicagama temporalis?
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Swamplands Lashtail, Northern Water Dragon|
|Synonym||Grammathophora temporalis GÜNTHER 1867 (part.)|
Lophognathus lateralis MACLEAY 1877: 103
Lophognathus labialis BOULENGER 1883: 225
Lophognathus maculilabris BOULENGER 1883
Physignathus temporalis — BOULENGER 1885: 397
Physignathus temporalis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 131
Gemmatophora temporalis — STORR 1983
Lophognathus temporalis — COGGER 1983
Amphibolurus temporalis — EHMANN 1992
Lophognathus temporalis — COGGER 2000: 342
Amphibolurus temporalis — WILSON & SWAN 2010: 352
Lophognathus temporalis — MELVILLE et al. 2011
Gowidon temporalis — WILSON & SWAN 2013: 408
Gowidon temporalis — COGGER 2014: 740
Tropicagama temporalis — MELVILLE et al. 2018
|Distribution||Indonesia (Irian Jaya),|
Australia (N Northern Territory, Queensland ?, extreme NE Western Australia)
Type locality: Port Essington, N. T. (by lectotype designation)
|Types||Lectotype: BMNH 19188.8.131.52, paralectotype BMNH 19184.108.40.206, designated by Cogger 1983, from Port Essington, N. T. and Nickol Bay, W. A. but restricted to Port Essington by lectotype designation.|
Holotype: AM R31882, from Mawatta, Binaturi River (as Katow), Papua New Guinea [Lophognathus lateralis]
Syntypes: BMNH 19220.127.116.11, BMNH 1918.104.22.168, from Port Essington, N. T. [Lophognathus labialis]
Syntypes: BMNH 1922.214.171.124-71 (BMNH 19126.96.36.199-14) [maculilabris]
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (genus): A monotypic genus consisting of a large agamid lizard in the subfamily Amphibolurinae, with exposed tympanum, gular scales smooth to weakly keeled, ventral scales smooth to weakly keeled. Very long-limbed, prominent erectable nuchal crest. Long tail and head relatively narrow for length. Dorsal scales uniform, with keels converging posteriorly toward midline. Prominent pale dorsolateral stripes that are broadly continuous with wide pale stripe along upper and lower jaw. Lacks well-defined pale stripe between eye and ear. Upper portion of head usually dark grey or black and uniformly coloured. Under the head, on the chin, gular and neck areas, there is dark grey or black uniform pigmentation in adult males, with two narrow white stripes extending from the back of the jaw anteriorly under the chin, parallel to the jaw, ending approximately half way along the jaw. Femoral pores 1–6; preanal pores 2 (range 1–3).|
Diagnosis (species): As for genus.
|Comment||Illustration in BARTS & WILMS 2003.|
Synonymy: Lophognathus lateralis is listed under Physignathus by BOULENGER (1885) but considered as doubtful. The phylogenetic analysis of Melville et al. 2011 concluded that “L. temporalis awaits taxonomic revision”, but it is clearly more closely related to Pogana than to Gowidon / Lophognathus longirostris. The name change by WILSON & SWAN 2013 thus appears a bit premature.
Type species: Grammathophora temporalis GÜNTHER 1867 (part.) is the type species of the genus Tropicagama MELVILLE et al. 2018.
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