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Tropidolaemus wagleri (BOIE, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Tropidolaemus wagleri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Wagler's Palm Viper, Wagler's Pit Viper, Temple pitviper
G: Waglers Bambusotter 
SynonymCophias wagleri BOIE 1826 (nomen nudum)
Cophias wagleri BOIE 1827: 561 (nomen nudum).
[Tropidolaemus] wagleri WAGLER 1830
Trigonocephalus wagleri - SCHLEGEL 1837
Trimesurus maculatus GRAY 1842
Trimesurus maculatus GRAY 1842
Trimesurus sumatranus (nec Coluber sumatranus RAFFLES 1822) - GRAY 1842
Trigonocephalus sumatranus var. - CANTOR 1847
Trigonocephalus wagleri, var. sumatrenis GRAY 1849
Trigonocephalus formosus (nec Trigonocephalus formosus MÜLLER & SCHLEGEL 1842) - GRAY 1849
Tropidolaemus wagleri - DUMÉRIL et al. 1854: 1524
Trimeresurus sumatranus - GÜNTHER 1858
Tropidolaemus sumatranus - PETERS 1862
Tropidolaemus maculatus - PETERS 1859
Trimeresurus wagleri - GÜNTHER 1864
Bothrops wagleri - MÜLLER 1882
Lachesis wagleri - BOULENGER 1896
Lachesis wagleri — BOULENGER's var. D - VOLZ 1904
Lachesis wagleri — BOULENGER's var. A - COHN 1905
Lachesis wagleri var. B - HOLTZINGER-TENEVER 1917
Trimeresurus wagleri wagleri - TAYLOR 1922
Lachesis sumatranus - OUWENS 1916
Lachesis wagleri — DE ROOIJ 1917: 286
Trimeresurus (Tropidolaemus) wagleri - CAMPBELL & BRODIE Jr. 1992
Tropidolaemus wagleri — WELCH 1994: 117
Tropidolaemus wagleri — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 411
Tropidolaemus wagleri — COX et al. 1998: 23
Tropidolaemus wagleri — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 349
Tropidolaemus wagleri — TU et al. 2000
Tropidolaemus wagleri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 748 
DistributionS Vietnam ? (Minh Hai and Song Be) (Orlov et al., 2003),
S Thailand (Phang Nga, Pattani, Surat Thani, Nakhon Si Tammarat, Narathiwat, and Yala (Nabhitabhata et al., 2004).
West Malaysia (incl. Pulau Pangkor), Singapore, Indonesia (Sumatra, Bangka, Mentawei Archipelago, Natuna Islands, Nias, and Riau Archipelago)

Type locality: “Asien”; corrected by neotype designation to “Deli: rivière de Bedagneh (Est de Sumatra)”, now Bedagai River (about 3°30’N, 99°13’E), Sumatera Barat Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesNeotype: MNHN 1879.0708, adult female, collected by Mr. Rochet. 
CommentVenomous!

Nomenclature: For a discussion of nomenclatorial issues see David & Vogel, 1996 and McDiarmid et al. (1999: 350). The latter authors argue that the author should be BOIE 1827 instead of WAGLER 1830 because BOIE doesn’t describe the species but refers to a plate in SEBA (1735) which is valid (Art. 12b and 72b of the Code). Portrait in Elaphe 5 (4): 81.

Distribution: Reported from Sulawesi by MÜLLER (1895: 865) but actually subannulatus and laticinctus. Reports from Vietnam are questionable as these specimens were obtained from a local dealer.

Diagnosis: A species of the genus Tropidolaemus, characterized by (1) internasals always in contact; (2) a strong ontogenetic variation of the background body colour: black (never green) in adult females, whereas males and juveniles retain a vividly green background colour; (3) a strong ontogenetic variation of the pattern: yellow crossbands around the body in adult females, white spots in adult and juvenile males, white crossbars in juvenile females; (4) a black postocular stripe in adult females and a white and red one in males and juveniles of both sexes; (5) a banded belly in adult females and a uniform belly in males and juveniles; (6) 21–23 dorsal scale rows at midbody (DSR) at midbody in males and 23–27 in females, usually feebly keeled in males and distinctly keeled in females; (7) 143–152 ventrals (VEN) in males and 134–147 VEN in females; (8) 50–55 subcaudals (SC) in males and 45–54 in females (from VOGEL et al. 2007).

Type Species: Tropidolaemus wagleri is the type species of the genus Tropidolaemus which is characterized by the absence of a nasal pore, upper surfaces of the snout and head covered with distinctly keeled small scales, strongly keeled gular scales, second supralabial not bordering the anterior margin of the loreal pit and topped by a prefoveal, and a green coloration in juveniles which may or may not change with growth (VOGEL et al. 2007). 
EtymologyNamed after Johann Georg Wagler (1800-1832), German physician and zoologist. 
References
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