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Tropidophis curtus (GARMAN, 1887)

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Higher TaxaTropidophiidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Bahama-Wood Snakes
G: Bahama-Zwerg-Boa 
SynonymUngualia curta GARMAN 1887: 278
Tropidophis canus androsi STULL 1927
Tropidophis pardalis barbouri BAILEY 1937: 49
Tropidophis curtus — HEDGES 2002
Tropidophis curtus curtus — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis curtus androsi — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis curtus barbouri — POWELL & HENDERSON 2012
Tropidophis curtus — WALLACH et al. 2014 

androsi: Bahama Is.: Andros Island; Type locality: Andros Island, Bahama Islands

barbouri: Bahama Is.: Eleuthera I.; Eleuthera Cays; Long I.; CatI.; Exuma Cays; Ragged Is.; Type locality: Bannerman Town, Eleuthera Island, Bahama Islands.

curtus: Bahama Is.: New Providence I.; Bimini Is.; Cay Sal Bank; Type locality: see comment  
TypesHolotype: USNM 49471 [androsi]
Holotype: MCZ 37913 [barbouri]
Holotype: MCZ 6114 (curtus) 
CommentIllustrations: Schwartz and Marsh, 1960; Greene and Burghardt, 1978; Mehrtens, 1987.

Synonymy: partly after WALLACH et al. 2014.

Distribution: the type locality reported by GARMAN 1887 is “Cuba" which is probably in error. However, SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1988 mention one other specimen purportedly from Cuba (AMNH 2946).

Max. SVL in males: 357 mm, females: 354 mm. 
  • Bailey, J. R. 1937. A review of some recent Tropidophis material. Proc. New England Zool. Club 16: 41-52.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Greene, H.W. and Burghardt, G.M. 1978. Behavior and phylogeny: constriction in ancient and modem snakes. Science 200:74-77.
  • Hedges, S.B. 2002. Morphological variation and the definition of species in the snake genus Tropidophis (Serpentes, Tropidophiidae). Bull. nat. Hist. Mus. London (Zool.) 68 (2): 83-90 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mehrtens, J.M. 1987. Living snakes of the world in color. Sterling Publ. Co., hic., New York, NY: 480 pp.
  • Rabb, George B.;Hayden, Ellis B. 1957. The Van Voast-American Museum of Natural History Bahama Islands Expedition record of the expedition and general features of the Islands. American Museum Novitates (1836): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A.and Marsh, R.J. 1960. A review of the pardalis-maculatus complex of the boid genus Tropidophis of the West Indies. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 123 (2):49-84. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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