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Tropidophorus berdmorei (BLYTH, 1853)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Berdmore’s Water Skink
G: Berdmores Wasserskink 
SynonymAspris Berdmorei BLYTH 1853: 651
Tropidophorus Berdmorei THEOBALD 1868
Tropidophorus yunnanensis BOULENGER 1887
Tropidophorus berdmorei — SMITH 1935: 325
Tropidophorus berdmorei — TAYLOR 1963: 986
Tropidophorus berdmorei — COX et al. 1998: 120
Tropidophorus berdmorei — HONDA et al. 2006 
DistributionChina (Yunnan), Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Vietnam (Son La etc.)

Type locality: “Mergui” (Myanmar).  
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 2270–72 (fide Smith 1923, Das et al., 1998); the original description was based on a single specimen (Blyth, 1853). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. This species is characterized by the following characters (after Boulenger 1887; Smith 1923, 1935; Taylor 1963; Greer & Biswas 2004; Chuaynkern et al. 2005; Bour ret 2009): moderate size, SVL of adults 76.28 +/- 6.91 mm, n = 24 (Chuaynkern et al. 2005); upper head scales smooth; frontonasal undivided; prefrontals in contact with or separated from each other; parietals usually in contact posteriorly; loreals 2, anterior one usually divided; supraciliaries 8 and supraciliary row not completed along the entire length of lateral edge of supraoculars; nuchals in 2 pairs; supralabials 6, fourth below the eye; infralabials 5 – 7; postmental undivided; midbody scales in 32 – 40 rows; dorsal scales smaller than ventrals; paravertebral scales 64; ventrals in 53 transverse rows; 2 enlarged precloa- cals; subdigital lamellae 22 under fourth toe [from TRUONG et al. 2010]. 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Mathew Berdmore (1811 - 1858), Assistant Commissioner in Northern Tenasserim. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1854. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chuaynkern, Yodchaiy, Chantip Chuaynkern, Prateep Duengkae, Yuwadee Ponituk and Wattanachai Tasen. 2014. Tropidophorus berdmorei (Berdmore's water skink) diet. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 333-334 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Murphy, Robert W.; and Hikida, Tsutomu. 2006. Phylogeny and biogeography of water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Scincidae) a molecular approach. Zoologica Scripta 35 (1):85-95 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Quang Truong; Nguyen Van Sang, Nikolai Orlov, Hoang Ngoc Thao, Wolfgang Böhme and Thomas Ziegler 2010. A review of the genus Tropidophorus (Squamata, Scincidae) from Vietnam with new species records and additional data on natural history. Zoosyst. Evol . 86 (1): 5 – 19
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Nguyen, T.Q; Nguyen, T.T.; Schmitz, A.; Orlov, N.L. & Ziegler, T. 2010. A new species of the genus Tropidophorus Duméril & Bibron, 1839 (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae) from Vietnam. Zootaxa 2439: 53–68 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Truong Quang; Anh Van Pham, Hoang Van Tu, Tan Van Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler 2018. New records and an updated list of lizards from Son La Province, Vietnam Herpetology Notes 11: 209-216 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
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