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Tropidophorus hainanus SMITH, 1923

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesHainan water skink 
SynonymTropidophorus hainanus SMITH 1923
Tropidophorus hainanus — SMITH 1935: 326
Tropidophorus cucphuongensis — BOBROV 1995 (nom. nud.)
Tropidophorus hainanus — BOBROV 1995
Tropidophorus hainanus — HONDA et al. 2006 
DistributionChina (Hainan, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guangdong, Guizhou),
Vietnam (Bac Kan, Cao Bang, Dak Lak, Ha tay, Hai Duong, Hoa Binh, Kon Tum, Lai chau, Ninh binh, Phu Tho, Quang Ninh, Vinh Phuc, Nam Dinh)

Type locality: “Ang Mao, near Five Finger Mt., Hainan”, 600 m elevation Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.9.10 (formerly 1924.5.22.8; Smith’s collection number 6997). 
CommentDiagnosis. Upper head scales striated; frontonasal undivided; prefrontals usually separated from each other; nuchals absent or in 1 pair; loreals divided into 2 pairs; superciliaries 5 – 6, superciliary row usually not completed along the entire length of lateral edge of supraoculars; supralabials 6 – 7, fourth below eye; infralabials 5; postmental undivided; midbody scales in 29 – 34 rows; 13 – 15 scale rows at position of tenth subcaudal on tail; paravertebral scales 40 – 48; ventrals in 45 – 48 transverse rows; 2 enlarged precloacals; subdigital lamellae 15 – 20 under fourth toe (Smith 1923; Bour ret 2009; TRUONG et al. 2010). 
References
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • FEI Dong-Bo; YANG Dao-De; SONG Yu-Cheng; FU Qi; YANG Xiang-Lun 2010. New Records of Tropidophorus hainanus and Amphiesma bitaeniata in Hunan,China. Chinese J. Zool. - get paper here
  • Gawor, A., C. T. Pham, T. Q. Nguyen, T. T. Nguyen, A. Schmitz & T. Ziegler 2016. The herpetofauna of the Bai Tu Long National Park, northeastern Vietnam. Salamandra 52 (1): 23-41 - get paper here
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Honda, Masanao; Ota, Hidetoshi; Murphy, Robert W.; and Hikida, Tsutomu. 2006. Phylogeny and biogeography of water skinks of the genus Tropidophorus (Reptilia: Scincidae) a molecular approach. Zoologica Scripta 35 (1):85-95 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, Quang Truong; Nguyen Van Sang, Nikolai Orlov, Hoang Ngoc Thao, Wolfgang Böhme and Thomas Ziegler 2010. A review of the genus Tropidophorus (Squamata, Scincidae) from Vietnam with new species records and additional data on natural history. Zoosyst. Evol . 86 (1): 5 – 19
  • RAO Ji-Teng; PAN Hu-Jun; JIANG Ke; HU Hui-Jian; ZHANG Liang 2011. A New Record of Poorly Known Lizard Tropidophorus hainanus from Guangdong Province,China. Chinese J. Zool. - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1923. A review of the lizards of the genus Tropidophorus on the Asiatic mainland. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923: 775-781 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Wu, Jianguo 2015. Can changes in the distribution of lizard species over the past 50 years be attributed to climate change? Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI<br />10.1007/s00704-015-1553-4 - get paper here
  • ZHANG Yong-Hong, GONG Da-Ji, YAN Li, SUN Li-Xin 2012. A New Lizard Record in Guizhou Province: Tropidophorus hainanus. Chinese Journal of Zoology 47(2):138-140 - get paper here
  • ZIEGLER, T., RAUHAUS, A., TRAN, T.D., PHAM, C.T., VAN SCHINGEN, M., DANG, P.H., LE, M.D. & NGUYEN, T.Q. 2015. Die Amphibien- und Reptilienfauna der Me-Linh-Biodiversitätsstation in Nordvietnam Sauria 37 (4): 11-44 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T.; V.N. Thanh, L.K. Quyet, N. G. Truong, J. Hallermann; L.V. Khoi & T.M. Hoang 2006. Neue Verbreitungsnachweise einiger weniger bekannter vietnamesischer Amphibien und Reptilien. Sauria 28 (2): 29-40 - get paper here
 
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