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Tupinambis longilineus AVILA-PIRES, 1995

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Tupinambinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTupinambis longilineus AVILA-PIRES 1995: 547
Tupinambis longilineus — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 200
Tupinambis longilineus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionBrazil (Rondonia, NE Pará, Amazonas, Mato Grosso)

Type locality: Alvorado d'Oeste (road BR-429, km 87, line 64), Rondonia, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MPEG 14560, female 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tupinambis longilineus differs from T. merianae, T. rufescens, and from T. duseni by the presence of only one loreal scale (two loreals in the latter three species); supraciliaries in direct contact with supraoculars (second to fourth separated from the supraciliaries by a row of scales); presence of a supernumerary antegular fold; and smaller number of ventrals across midbody (20 in T. longilineus, 30-40 in T. merianae, 46-50 in T. rufescens, and 46 in T. duseni). In all these characteristics, T. longilineus is closer to T. teguixin. These two species differ from T. merianae in having distinctly large supra-temporals, lower number of pores and gular region spotless or with small, black or grey spots. Tupinambis longilineus differs from T. teguixin by its slender body and limbs, with body compressed and rectangular in cross section (cylindrical in T. teguixin), temporal scales comparatively larger, higher number of femoral pores; slightly lower numbers of dorsal scales around midbody and ventrals across midbody, and lower number of subdigital lamellae, especially under fourth finger (Ávila-Pires 1995).
 
CommentApparently sympatric with T. teguixin.

Probably also in Bolivia (fide LANGSTROTH 2005).

Distribution: see map in Silva et al. 2018. 
Etymology 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Caldeira-Costa, Henrique; São Pedro, V. de A.; Péres, A.K. & NEves Feio, R. 2008. Reptilia, Squamata, Teiidae, Tupinambis longilineus: Distribution extension. Check List 4 (3): 267–268 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Langstroth, R.P. 2005. Adiciones probables y confirmadas para la saurofauna boliviana. Kempffiana 1 (1): 101-128
  • Lima, A.C. de; Pimenta, F.E. 2008. Reptilia, Squamata, Teiidae, Tupinambis longilineus: Distribution extension. Check List 4 (3): 240–243 - get paper here
  • Manzani, Paulo Roberto & Abe, Augusto Shinya 2002. A new species of Tupinambis Daudin, 1803 from Southeastern Brazil (Squamata, Teiidae). Arquivos do Museu Nacional Rio de Janeiro 60 (4): 295-302
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A., SILVANA AMARAL 2016. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae Zootaxa 4205 (5): 401–430
  • Silva, Marcélia B.; Marco A. Ribeiro-Júnior, and Teresa C. S. Ávila-Pires 2018. A New Species of Tupinambis Daudin, 1802 (Squamata: Teiidae) from Central South America. Journal of Herpetology 52 (1): 94-110 - get paper here
 
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