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Tupinambis palustris MANZANI & ABE, 2002

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Tupinambinae, Gymnophthalmoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTupinambis palustris MANZANI & ABE 2002
Tupinambis palustris — HARVEY et al. 2012
Tupinambis palustris — SILVA et al. 2018 
DistributionC Brazil (Sao Paulo)

Type locality: Usina Hidreletrica Tres Irmaos, at lower Tiete river, between the municipalities of Aracatuba and Pereira Barreto (20° 35'-20°45' S and 50°15'-51°20' W), State of Sao Paulo, Brazil.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZUEC 2078 
Diagnosis 
CommentTupinambis palustris sp. nov. is mainly characterized by its ground color on dorsum, black intervened by small gray spots; black spots scattered on the gular surface and neck; large black spots scattered on belly; everted hemipenis shallowly forked with a well defined groove and two large petalas on each crown horn distally, larger than in T. teguixin, the closely related. In color, the new species also differs from other Tupinambis species of T. merianae group and T. teguixin by the absence of transverse banded pattern on back. It differs from T. quadrilineatus by the absence of whitish-yellow longitudinal narrow stripes on flanks, and from T. longilineus by the absence of a wide black band on flanks (from the abstract of MANZANI & ABE 2002).

Ayrton Klier Péres (2003) concluded in a thesis that T. palustris is a junior synonym of T. teguixin.

Distribution: see map in Silva et al. 2018. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “palustris”, meaning “inhabiting swamps”. 
References
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Manzani, Paulo Roberto & Abe, Augusto Shinya 2002. A new species of Tupinambis Daudin, 1803 from Southeastern Brazil (Squamata, Teiidae). Arquivos do Museu Nacional Rio de Janeiro 60 (4): 295-302
  • Péres, Jr., A. K. 2003. Sistemática e Conservação de Lagartos do Gênero Tupinambis (Squamata, Teiidae). Thesis, Universidade de Brasília, 192 pp.
  • Silva, Marcélia B.; Marco A. Ribeiro-Júnior, and Teresa C. S. Ávila-Pires 2018. A New Species of Tupinambis Daudin, 1802 (Squamata: Teiidae) from Central South America. Journal of Herpetology 52 (1): 94-110 - get paper here
 
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