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Typhlops oxyrhinus DOMINGUEZ & DIAZ, 2011

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTyphlops oxyrhinus DOMINGUEZ & DIAZ 2011
Typhlops oxyrhinus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops oxyrhinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 768 
DistributionCuba (Guantánamo)

Type locality: Bayate (75°21’47’’N, 20°20’07’’W, 338 m elevation), El Salvador Municipality, Guantánamo Province, Cuba. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CTR 2230, adult female, collected by Lico Lobaina. Unknown date, although probably in the middle of 20th century. 
CommentDiagnosis.—A species of medium size (257 mm maximum TL) of the Typhlops lumbricalis species group, can be distinguished by the combination of its snout pattern (ogival and pointed in dorsal and lateral views, respectively) and having more middorsal scales (.265, 282 mean) than any other Cuban species of the group and T. lumbricalis (Table 1 in DOMINGUEZ & DIAZ 2011). Typhlops oxyrhinus also differs from other species in this group by its narrow oval rostral in dorsal view (0.52–0.60 RWD/RLD), postnasal pattern (strongly divergent), robust tail (1.7–3.2 TA/TD), parietal pattern, and head size. 
EtymologyEtymology.—In Greek oxys = sharply pointed and rhinus = snout, in allusion to head with sharply pointed snout. 
References
  • Domínguez, Michel and Raúl E Díaz 2011. Taxonomy of the Blind Snakes Associated with Typhlops lumbricalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae) from the Bahamas Islands and Cuba. Herpetologica 67 (2): 194-211. - get paper here
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL; ANSEL FONG G. & MANUEL ITURRIAGA 2013. A new blind snake (Typhlopidae) from Northeastern Cuba. Zootaxa 3681: 136–146 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Typhlops&species=oxyrhinus

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