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Typhlops pachyrhinus DOMINGUEZ & DIAZ, 2011

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymTyphlops pachyrhinus DOMINGUEZ & DIAZ 2011
Typhlops pachyrhinus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops pachyrhinus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 768 
DistributionCuba (Pinar del Río)

Type locality: ‘‘El Liberal’’ coffee plantation (coordinates not known), Cabañas Municipality, Sierra del Rosario, Pinar del Río Province, Cuba. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CAZACC 4.11933, adult male, collected by Eladio Elso in June 1968.
Paratype.—Adult female CZACC 4.19934, same data as holotype. 
CommentDiagnosis.—A species of medium size (219 mm maximum TL) belonging to the T. lumbricalis species group, with broader rostral (0.75–0.93 RWD/RLD) than any other Cuban species of the group and T. lumbricalis (Table 1). It can also be distinguished from others in the group by its low middorsal scale counts (265–297), rounded snout in dorsal and lateral views, parietals extending toward the head midline, postnasal pattern (strongly divergent), and head size (HWN/HL and HWN/HWM). 
EtymologyEtymology.—In Greek pachy 5 thick, broad and rhinus 5 snout, in allusion to head with very rounded snout. 
References
  • Domínguez, Michel and Raúl E Díaz 2011. Taxonomy of the Blind Snakes Associated with Typhlops lumbricalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae) from the Bahamas Islands and Cuba. Herpetologica 67 (2): 194-211. - get paper here
  • DOMÍNGUEZ, MICHEL; ANSEL FONG G. & MANUEL ITURRIAGA 2013. A new blind snake (Typhlopidae) from Northeastern Cuba. Zootaxa 3681: 136–146 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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