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Typhlops syntherus THOMAS, 1965

IUCN Red List - Typhlops syntherus - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Barahona Peninsula Blindsnake, Barahona Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops syntherus THOMAS 1965: 436
Typhlops syntherus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 659
Typhlops syntherus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 120
Typhlops syntherus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Typhlops syntherus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops syntherus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 772 
DistributionHispaniola (SE Haiti, SW Dominican Republic)

Type locality: S km N Pedernales, Pedernales Province, República Dominicana.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 77215. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 209 mm; TL/taillength 29-50 in males, 27-51 in females; TL/midbody diameter 25-36; middorsal scales 299-353; scale rows 22-22; head shape tapered, weakly ogival; rostral narrow in dorsal aspect, oval, rarely parallel or clavate, not flared on apex; postoculars 1, rarely 2. Medium brown to light brown or pale tan dorsal coloration (often with lighter mottling), gradually fading on venter (but extending across venter in places); melanophore distribution on individual scales uneven, adding to mottled effect (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 659). 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1965; Thomas, 1976. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1965. A new species of Typhlops from the Barahona Peninsula of Hispaniola. Copeia 1965 (4): 436-439 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • White, L. R., J. S. Parmerlee, Jr., and R. Powell. 1992. Typhlops syntherus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (551) - get paper here
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