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Tytthoscincus langkawiensis GRISMER, 2008

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLangkawi Island Forest Skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus langkawiensis GRISMER 2008
Sphenomorphus langkawiensis — GRISMER 2011
Tytthoscincus langkawiensis — GRISMER et al. 2016 
DistributionWest Malaysia (Langkawi Archipelago)

Type locality: at 2200 along Cicada Trail, Pulau Singa Besar, Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: DWNP 3023, adult male, collected on 7 June 2002 by an unknown collector. 
CommentDiagnosis. Sphenomorphus langkawiensis is differentiated from all other species of Sundaland and Malay Peninsula Sphenomorphus by being relatively small (SVL 36.0–37.0 mm) and having 34–37 midbody scale rows; smooth as opposed to striated dorsal scales; 60–72 paravertebrals; 70–72 ventrals; four supraoculars; the parietals contacting the posteriormost supraocular; one medially projecting superciliary scale; two loreals; six supralabials and infralabials; 12 lamellae beneath the fourth toe; keeled subdigital lamellae; enlarged preanal scales; no body bands; a dark, diffuse, dorsolateral stripe; and a light dorsolateral and postorbital stripe. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet langkawiensis is in reference to the Langkawi Archipelago. 
References
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691:53-66 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; MOHD ABDUL MUIN, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, & CHARLES W. LINKEM 2016. The transfer of two clades of Malaysian Sphenomorphus Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) into the genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos, & Brown and the description of a new Malaysian swamp-dwelling species Zootaxa 4092 (2): 231–242 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69
 
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