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Uranoscodon superciliosus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Diving lizard, Mophead Iguana
G: Mopskopfleguan 
SynonymLacerta superciliosa LINNAEUS 1758: 200
Iguana superciliosa — LATREILLE 1801
Agama stellaris — DAUDIN 1802: 404
Agama tigrina — MERREM 1820
Agama superciliosa — MERREM 1820: 50
Uranoscodon superciliosus — KAUP 1825: 590
Lophyrus xiphosurus SPIX 1825: 9
Lophyrus aureonitens SPIX 1825: 12
Ophryessa superciliosa — BOIE 1825
Ophryessa aureonitens — BOIE 1825
Uraniscodon (Ophryessa) superciliosa — KAUP 1827
Ophryessa superciliosa — GUÉRIN 1829: plate 8
Ophyessa [sic] (Xiphura) superciliosa — GRAY
Ophryoessa [sic] superciliosa — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 238
Hypsibatus (Ophryoessa) superciliosa — FITZINGER 1843: 16
Ophryoessa superciliosa — BOULENGER 1885: 111
Uranoscodon superciliosa — STEJNEGER 1901
Uranoscodon superciliosa — PETERS et al. 1970: 275
Uranoscodon superciliosus — FROST 1992: 44
Uranoscodon superciliosus — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Uranoscodon superciliosa — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Tropidurus superciliosa — HARVEY & GUTBERLET 2000
Uranoscodon superciliosum — RIVAS et al. 2012 
DistributionN Brazil (Amazonas, Maranhao, Para, Amapa, Roraima, Rondonia, Mato Grosso), Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, E Venezuela, E Colombia, NE Peru, Bolivia (Beni)

Type locality: “Indiis”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: NRM 109-110; ZMB 591, iconotype after Seba 1735: p. 109.
Lectotype: ZSM 3189/0/2 (ZSMH 3189/0 B [Lophyrus Xiphosurus] 
Diagnosis 
CommentType species: Lacerta superciliosa LINNAEUS 1758: 200 is the type species of the genus Uranoscodon KAUP 1825. 
Etymology 
References
  • Alonso, L.E., J. Persaud and A. Williams (eds). 2016. Biodiversity Assessment Survey of the South Rupununi Savannah, Guyana. BAT Survey Report No. 1. WWF-Guianas, Guyana O ce. Georgetown, Guyana - get paper here
  • Andersson, L.G. 1900. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of Linnaeus's Reptilia in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar. Stockholm. (4) 26 (1): 1-29. - get paper here
  • Ávila, R.W.; R.A. Kawashita-Ribeiro. 2011. Herpetofauna of São João da Barra Hydroelectric Plant, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 750-755 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Laís Barbosa, Fabrício S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M. & Rainer Günther 2014. Die Amphibien und Reptilien aus der von Borcke-Sammlung des Berliner Museums für Naturkunde: eine Fundgrube für verschollen geglaubtes Seba-Material. Sekretär 14 (1): 3-33
  • Bauer, Aaron M. and Rainer Günther 2013. Origin and identity of the von Borcke collection of amphibians and reptiles in the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin: A cache of Seba specimens?. Zoosystematics and Evolution 89 (1): 167–185 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cei, J.M. 2003. SPECIFIC SUPRAOCULAR SCUTELLATION PATTERNS AS SIGNIFICANT DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS: A TAXONOMIC INTER AND INTRAGENERIC "FINGER-PRINT" IN LACERTILIA. Facena 19: 129-135 - get paper here
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • Daudin, F. M. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, génerale et particulièredes reptiles, ouvrage faisant suite, a l'histoiure naturelle, générale et particulière composée par LECLERC DE BUFFON, et redigée par C. S. SONNINI, vol. 3. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropidurudae). American Museum Novitates (3033): 1-68 - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Guérin-Méneville, F. E. 1829. Iconographie du Régne Animal de G. Cuvier, ou répresentation d'aprés Nature de l'une des Espèces les plus remarquables, et souvent non encore figurés de chaque Genre d'Animaux. Avec un text descriptif [...]. Paris & London, [Vol.] 1, Plates i-xxx, [Vol.] 3, i-xvi + 1-576. (Note: reptile plates are numbered separately from other taxa.) - get paper here
  • HARVEY, Michael B. & RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the tropidurine lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae), including new characters of squamation and epidermal microstructure. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 189–233.
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zoologische Mededelingen 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Kaup, J. J. 1825. Einige Bemerkungen zu Merrems Handbuch. Isis von Oken 16: 589-593 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel; Rainer Günther & Aaron Bauer 2015. Der Thesaurus von Albertus Seba. Alte Schätze im Berliner Museum für Naturkunde. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (1): 83-87 [2014] - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Pogoda, P. 2018. Auf Expedition in der „verlorenen Welt“ – herpetologische Eindrücke aus dem Naturreservat Iwokrama in Zentral-Guyana. Reptilia 23 (129): 70-79
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  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A. 2015. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. I. Dactyloidae, Hoplocercidae, Iguanidae, Leiosauridae, Polychrotidae, Tropiduridae. Zootaxa 3983 (1): 001–110
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  • Schlüter, U. 1998. Zur Kenntnis von Mopskopfleguanen, Uranoscodon superciliosus (LINNAEUS, 1758). Iguana Rundschreiben 11 (20): 28-32
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  • Silva, F.M.; A.C. Menks; A.L.C. Prudente; J.C.L. Costa; A.E.M. Travassos; U. Galatti. 2011. Squamate Reptiles from municipality of Barcarena and surroundings, state of Pará, north of Brazil. Check List 7 (3): 220-226
  • Snyder, Andrew; Meshach Pierre, Edward Gomes, and Brice Noonan 2016. Amphibians and Reptiles of Kusad Mountain and the Parabara Region in the South Rupununi, Guyana 66 in: Alonso et al. 2016, Biodiversity Assessment Survey of the South Rupununi Savannah, Guyana, pp. 66-86 - get paper here
  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
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