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Varanus kordensis (MEYER, 1874)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymMonitor kordensis MEYER 1874: 131
Varanus kordensis — BOULENGER 1885: 322
Varanus kordensis — BOULENGER 1895: 28
Varanus kordensis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 152
Varanus prasinus kordensis — MERTENS 1942
Varanus kordensis — BÖHME 2002
Varanus kordensis — JACOBS 2003
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) kordensis — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Varanus (Hapturosaurus) kordensis — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionIndonesia (Schouten Group as Kordo, Mysore), Irian Jaya

Type locality: Biak Is., Schouten Group (as Kordo, Mysore), Irian Jaya, Indonesia Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: RMNH 21009, desginated by DE LISLE 2009, but considered invalid by BÖHME & KOCH 2010
Holotype: MTKD, destroyed in WWII 
CommentV. kordensis has been treated as synonym of V. prasinus by several authyors (e.g. COGGER 1983 and MERTENS 1963).

Diagnosis: Varanus kordensis is distinguished from all other members of the V. prasinus group by the following combination of character states: 0) slender, arboreal body form (70-80 cm total length); (2) tail length almost twice body length; (3) nuchal scales keeled; color pattern reticulum of dark ocelli overlain on ground color, including legs and tail; (4) color yellow-olive to dark green; (5) midbody scal~s average 89, across the head 34; (6) light brown bands across belly [DE LISLE 2009]. 
References
  • Akeret, Beat 2014. Geschichtliches zur Haltung von Waranen in Deutschland und der Schweiz. Terraria Elaphe 2014 (6): 14-21 - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. & Koch, A. 2010. On the type selection and re-typification of two monitor lizard taxa (Squamata: Varanidae): Monitor bivittatus celebensis Schlegel, 1844 and Monitor kordensis Meyer, 1874; with some comments and corrections on other name-bearing type specimens. Zootaxa 2440: 60–68
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • De Lisle, H.F. 2009. Catalog of the genus Varanus (Reptilia: Squamata: Varanidae) with new designations of a neotype and a lectotype. ZooNova 1(2): 8-32
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2002. Zur morphologischen Variabilität der nominellen Smaragdwaran-Taxa Varanus prasinus (H. SCHLEGEL 1939) und V. kordensis (A.B. MEYER 1874), mit Bemerkungen zur Erstzucht des letzteren. Herpetofauna 24 (137): 21-34 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2003. A further new emerald tree monitor lizard of the Varanus prasinus species group from Waigeo, West Irian (Squamata: Sauria: Varanidae). Salamandra 39 (2): 65-74 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2008. Zucht von Varanus reisingeri EIDENMÜLLER & WICKER, 2005 mit Vergleich der jugendkleider der V. prasinus-Gruppe und Bemerkungen zu deren Taxonomie. Sauria 30 (1): 5-12 - get paper here
  • Koch, André; Thomas Ziegler, Wolfgang Böhme, and Mark Auliya 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herp. Cons. Biol. 8 (Monograph 3): 1 − 62. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. [Eine Mittheilung von Hrn. Dr. Adolf Meyer] über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T., Schmitz, A., Koch, A. & W. Böhme 2007. A review of the subgenus Euprepiosaurus of Varanus (Squamata: Varanidae): morphological and molecular phylogeny, distribution and zoogeography, with an identification key for the members of the V. indicus and the V. prasinus species groups. Zootaxa 1472: 1-28 - get paper here
 
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