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Varanus spinulosus MERTENS, 1941

IUCN Red List - Varanus spinulosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSolomon Island Spiny Monitor 
SynonymVaranus indicus spinulosus MERTENS 1941: 269
Varanus spinulosus — SPRACKLAND 1994
Varanus spinulosus — DE LISLE 1996: 130
Varanus spinulosus — AST 2001
Varanus spinulosus — KOCH et al. 2010
Varanus (Solomonsaurus) spinulosus — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionSanta Isabel Island, San Jorge Islands (Solomon Islands), Papua New Guinea (Bougainville)

Type locality: George Island near Ysabel, Solomon Islands.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMW 23387 (formerly NMW 3709). 
CommentType species: Varanus spinulosus is the type species of the subgenus Solomonsaurus Bucklitsch et al. 2016. 
References
  • Ast, Jennifer C. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA Evidence and Evolution in Varanoidea (Squamata). Cladistics 17 (3): 211-226 [erratum in 18 (1):125]
  • Böhme, W. & Koch, A. 2010. On the type selection and re-typification of two monitor lizard taxa (Squamata: Varanidae): Monitor bivittatus celebensis Schlegel, 1844 and Monitor kordensis Meyer, 1874; with some comments and corrections on other name-bearing type specimens. Zootaxa 2440: 60–68
  • Böhme, W. & Ziegler, T. 2007. Notes on the Distribution, Diet, Hemipenis Morphology and Systematics of Varanus spinulosus Mertens, 1941. Mertensiella 16: 100-108
  • BUCKLITSCH, YANNICK; WOLFGANG BÖHME, ANDRÉ KOCH 2016. Scale Morphology and Micro-Structure of Monitor Lizards (Squamata: Varanidae: Varanus spp.) and their Allies: Implications for Systematics, Ecology, and Conservation. Zootaxa 4153 (1): 001–192
  • De Lisle, H.F. 1996. Natural History of Monitor Lizards. Krieger, Malabar (Florida)
  • McCoy, M. 2006. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica 57, 212 pp.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1941. Zwei neue Warane des australischen Fauenengebietes. Senckenbergiana 23: 266-272
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Sprackland, R. G. 1994. Rediscovery and taxonomic review of Varanus indicus spinulosus Mertens, 1941. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 24 (2), 33-38. - get paper here
  • Sprackland, Robert George 1993. Rediscovery of Solomon Islands monitor lizard (Varanus indicus spinulosus) Mertens, 1941. Vivarium 4 (5): 25-27 - get paper here
  • Weijola, Valter 2017. PHYLOGENY AND TAXONOMY OF THE PACIFIC MONITOR LIZARDS (SQUAMATA: VARANUS: EUPREPIOSAURUS) ANNALES UNIVERSITATIS TURKUENSIS 334 - get paper here
 
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