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Xenocalamus transvaalensis METHUEN, 1919

IUCN Red List - Xenocalamus transvaalensis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Aparallactinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpeckled Quill-snouted Snake, Transvaal Quill-snouted Snake 
SynonymXenocalamus transvaalensis METHUEN 1919
Xenocalamus transvaalensis — FITZSiMONS 1946
Xenocalamus transvaalensis — DE WITTE & LAURENT 1947: 51
Xenocalamus transvaalensis — AUERBACH 1987: 174
Xenocalamus transvaalensis — WELCH 1994: 125
Xenocalamus transvaalensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 796
Amblyodipsas transvaalensis — FIGUEROA et al. 2016 (by implication) 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (N Transvaal, Zululand), S Mozambique, Botswana, Zimbabwe

Type locality: N'Jelele River, Transvaal.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: TM 10121. 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous! 
Etymology 
References
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Broadley, D. G. 1971. A revision of the African snake genera Amblyodipsas and Xenocalamus. Occ. Pap. natl. Mus. Rhod. B4 (33): 629-697
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Figueroa A, McKelvy AD, Grismer LL, Bell CD, Lailvaux SP 2016. A Species-Level Phylogeny of Extant Snakes with Description of a New Colubrid Subfamily and Genus. PLoS One 11 (9): e0161070.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0161070 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V. 1946. Notes on some African Snakes, including a discription of a new subspecies of Xenocalamus. Ann. Transvaal Mus. 20 (4): 379-394
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Methuen, P.A. 1919. Descriptions of a new snake from the Transvaal, together with a new diagnosis and key of the genus Xenocalamus, and of some Batrachia from Madagascar. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 349-355 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1947. Revision d'un groupe de Colubridae africains: genres Calamelaps, Miodon, Aparallactus, et formes affines. Mém. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belgique (sér. 2) 29: 1-134
 
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