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Xenodon histricus (JAN, 1863)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesJan's Hognose Snake 
SynonymHeterodon histricus JAN 1863: 224
Heterodon histricus — BOULENGER 1886: 434
Lystrophis histricus — BOULENGER 1894
Lystrophis histricus — CEI 1993
Lystrophis histricus — GIRAUDO & SCROCCHI 2002
Xenodon histricus — ZAHER et al. 2009
Xenodon histricus — PRIGIONI et al. 2011
Lystrophis histricus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 406 
DistributionS Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná), Uruguay, Paraguay (border to Minas Gerais), NE Argentina (San Luis, Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, La Pampa, and Misiones)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost, formerly MSNM (Milano), 350 mm, destroyed in 1943 during World War II. 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy partly after CEI 1993. HOGE et al. (1975) removed L. nattereri from the synonym of L. histricus. However, subsequent authors still considered it as synonym of L. histricus. 
Etymology 
References
  • Alves, S. S., A. M. R. Bolzan, T. G. Santos, D. T. Gressler & S. Z. Cechin Alves, S. S., A. M. R. Bolzan, T. G. Santos, D. T. Gressler & S. Z. Cechin 2013. Rediscovery, distribution extension and defensive behaviour of Xenodon histricus (Squamata: Serpentes) in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Salamandra 49 (4): 219-222 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Carreira Vidal, Santiago 2002. Alimentación de los ofidios de Uruguay. Asoc. Herp. Esp., Monograf. Herp. 6, 127 pp. - get paper here
  • CARREIRA, S., M. MENEGHEL AND F. ACHAVAL 2005. Reptiles de Uruguay. DI.R.A.C., Facultad de Ciências Ed., Montevideo, 637 pp.
  • Carreira, S.; Brazeiro, A.; Camargo, A.; da Rosa, I.; Canavero, A. & Maneyro, M. 2012. DIVERSITY OF REPTILES OF URUGUAY: KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION GAPS. Bol. Soc. Zool. Uruguay (2a época) 21 (1-2): 9-29 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • D'Angelo, Julia Soledad; Federico Lisandro Agnolín, Florencia Anyelen Godoy 2015. Xenodon histricus (Jan, 1863) (Squamata: Dipsadidae): distribution extension and new province record in Argentina Check List 11 (5): 1737 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Giraudo, A. R., and G. J. Scrocchi 2002. Argentinian Snakes: An Annotated Checklist. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (132): 1-53 - get paper here
  • Hoge, A.R.; Cordeiro, C.L. & Lemos Romano, S.A. 1976. Posição taxonomica de Lystrophis nattereri (Steindachner). Mem. Inst. Butantan 39 [1975]: 37-50 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 11. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Prigioni, C.; C. Borteiro; F. Kolenc. 2011. Amphibia and Reptilia, Quebrada de los Cuervos, Departamento de Treinta y Tres, Uruguay. Check List 7 (6): 763-767 - get paper here
  • Scrocchi G J. Cruz F B. 1993. Description of a new species of the genus Lystrophis Cope and a revalidation of Lystrophis pulcher (Jan, 1863), (Serpentes; Colubridae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 38 (10):171-185.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Steindachner, Franz 1864. Ueber Heterodon histricus Jan. Verh. der k.k. Zool.-Bot. Ges Wien 14: 233-234 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Grazziotin, Felipe Gobbi; Cadle, John E.; Murphy, Robert W.; Moura-Leite, Julio Cesar de; Bonatto, Sandro L 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American Xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) 49 (11): 115-153 - get paper here
 
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