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Xerotyphlops luristanicus TORKI, 2017

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Asiatyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLorestan Blind Snake, Laki Blind Snake 
SynonymXerotyphlops luristanicus TORKI 2017 
DistributionIran (Lorestan)

Type locality: 1,750- 2,100 m elevation, on the western slope of the central Zagros Mountains, Badavar region, Nourabad, Lorestan Province, western Iran, 34°07 ́ N, 47°53 ́ E.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2016.0040 (former FTHM 19710), Adult male, collected by Farhang Torki on 29 March 2016, (Fig. 2 in Torki 2017). Paratypes: Five specimens: MNHN-RA 2016.0041-45 (respectively former FTHM 19711-15); 2 adult males: MNHN-RA 2016.0042 and 2016.0045 (respectively former FTHM 19712, 19715); 3 adult females: MNHN-RA 2016.0041, 2016.0043- 44 (respectively former FTHM 19711, 13-14), collected by Farhang Torki on 18 May 2016; same data as for holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A stout-bodied blind snake, small body size (maximum: 219 mm), moderate body form, short tail, rostral moderate. X. luristanicus sp. n. can easily be distinguished from all other Xerotyphlops species by the combination of the following characters: right side hemipenis in a single coil, left side curved, not straight; segmented testis; 22- 24 longitudinal scales rows; scale reduction present or not; 355-398 transverse scale rows at mid-body; 10-12 subcaudals; supralabial imbrication pattern T-III; parietal is apparently fused as there is no suture in the middle of this bone on the external side, on the internal side a groove is observed in this place; exoccipital is completely separated from supraoccipital; the dorsal body has strong uniform pigmentation throughout while in contrast all ventral scales lack pigmentation.
 
CommentSynonymy: Rajabizadeh 2018 synonymized Xerotyphlops luristanicus with X. vermicularis.

Habitat: X. luristanicus sp. n. was found beneath stones from both the base and top of Chghasalman Mountain (1,750-2,100m a.s.l.).

Syntopy: Natrix tessellata, Platyceps najadum, Laudakia nupta, Ophisops elegans, and Trachylepis aurata. 
Etymology“luristanicus” refers to Lorestan province (habitat of new species). 
References
  • Rajabizadeh, M. 2017. Snakes of Iran. [in Farsi] Tehran: Iranshenasi, 496 pp. - get paper here
  • Torki, Farhang 2017. A new species of blind snake, Xerotyphlops, from Iran Herpetological Bulletin (140): 1-5 - get paper here
 
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