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Zamenis lineatus (CAMERANO, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Zamenis lineatus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesStriped Aesculapian rat snake 
SynonymCallopeltis longissimus var. lineata CAMERANO 1891
Coluber romanus SUCKOW 1798
Elaphe longissima romana — CAPOCACCIA 1964
Elaphe lineata — LENK & WÜSTER 1999
Zamenis lineatus — UTIGER et al. 2002
Zamenis lineata — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Zamenis lineatus — LIVIGNI 2013: 289
Zamenis lineatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 808 
DistributionS Italy (incl. Sicily)

Type locality: Naples, Italy Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MSNM 942 (formerly MZUT 434), male 
CommentErroneously reported from Sardegna Island (Razzetti, pers. comm.). The type locality of Coluber romanus is "Surroundings of Rome", an area that is inhabited by E. longissima but not E.lineata, so the erliest (and only) available name is Elaphe lineata (Razzetti, pers. comm.).

Hybridization: Z. lineatus hybridizes with Z. longissimus (Salvi et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. 
References
  • Camerano, L. 1891. Monografia degli Ofidi italiani. Parte II. Colubridi. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. II. - get paper here
  • Capula, Massimo; Luiselli, Luca; Valenti, <br />Sophia; Ceccarelli, Arianna; Rugiero, Lorenzo; Aloise, Gaetano 2006. Are endemic snakes with a narrow distribution more specialist than their wide-ranging counterparts? Evidence from the prey composition and morphometric correlates of the diet in Zamenis lineatus, a rat snake endemic to southern Italy. Amphibia-Reptilia 27 (4): 531-537 - get paper here
  • Cimatti, E. 2003. Sacred snakes of the Mediterranean. Reptilia (GB) (26): 52-58 - get paper here
  • Corsetti, Luigi; Antonio Romano 2008. On the occurrence of the Italian Aesculapian snake, Zamenis lineatus (Camerano, 1891), in Latium (Central Italy). Acta Herpetologica 3 (2): 179-183
  • ESPOSITO, C. & ROMANO, A. 2010. Extension of known range area of Zamenis lineatus (CAMERANO, 1891). New northern and western limits [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 23: - get paper here
  • Joger, U.; Fritz, U.; Guicking, D.; Kalyabina-Hauf, S.; Nagy, Z.T. & Wink, M. 2007. Phylogeography of western Palaearctic reptiles – Spatial and temporal speciation patterns. Zoologischer Anzeiger 246: 293–313 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Lenk P. & Joger U. 1994. Genetic relationships between populations and intraspecific subdivision of Elaphe longissima (Laurenti, 1768) as suggested by plasma protein electrophoresis and DNA fingerprint. Amphibia-Reptilia 15: 363-373. - get paper here
  • Lenk, P.; Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger based on mitochondrial DNA sequence comparisons. Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (3): 329-339 - get paper here
  • Lenk, Peter and Wüster, Wolfgang 1999. A Multivariate Approach to the Systematics of Italian Rat Snakes of the Elaphe longissima Complex (Reptilia, Colubridae): Revalidation of Camerano’s Callopeltis longissimus var. lineata. The Herpetological Journal 9 (4): 153-162
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Salvi, Daniele; Daniela Lucente, Joana Mendes, Cristiano Liuzzi, D. James Harris and Marco A. Bologna 2017. Diversity and distribution of the Italian Aesculapian snake Zamenis lineatus: A phylogeographic assessment with implications for conservation. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 55 (3): 222–237; DOI: 10.1111/jzs.12167 - get paper here
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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