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Zygaspis vandami (FITZSIMONS, 1930)

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Higher TaxaAmphisbaenidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
SubspeciesZygaspis vandami vandami (FITZSIMONS 1930)
Zygaspis vandami arenicola BROADLEY & BROADLEY 1997 
Common Names 
SynonymAmphisbaena vandami FITZSIMONS 1930
Zygaspis violacea vandami — FITZSIMONS 1943: 380
Zygaspis violacea vandami — LOVERIDGE 1951
Zygaspis violacea vandami — WELCH 1982: 12
Zygaspis vandami vandami — BROADLEY & BROADLEY 1997
Zygaspis vandami — GANS 2005: 39

Zygaspis vandami arenicola BROADLEY & BROADLEY 1997
Amphisbaena violacea PETERS 1854: 620 (part.)
Zygaspis violacea — WEVER & GANS 1973: 190 (part.)
Zygaspis arenicola — GANS 2005: 38
Zygaspis vandami arenicola — BATES & MAGUIRE 2009 
DistributionSouth Africa (Northern and Mpumalanga Provinces)

arenicola: Mozambique plain south of the Save River, SE Zimbabwe, N Kwazulu-Natal in South Africa. Type locality: Maputo, Mozambique.

Type locality: Louw’s Creek, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: TM (Transvaal Museum)
Holotype: TMP 2921 [arenicola] 
CommentEastern race of Z. vandami. Has been treated as synonym of Zygaspis violacea (e.g. LOVERIDGE 1941). Sympatric with Z. quadrifrons in the N Krüger National Park. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the types, G.P.F. van Dam, Esq. 
  • BATES, M.F., & MAGUIRE, D. 2009. Zygaspis vandami arenicola Broadley & Broadley, 1997. African Herp News (47): 43-44
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Broadley, Sheila 1997. A revision of the African genus Zygaspis Cope (Reptilia: Amphisbaenia). Syntarsus 4: 1-24
  • FitzSimons, V. F. 1930. Descriptions of new South African Reptilia and Batrachia, with distribution records of allied species in the Transvaal Museum collection. Ann. Transvaal Mus. 14: 20-48. - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V.F. 1943. The lizards of South Africa. Transvaal Museum Memoir No.1 (Pretoria), 528 pp.
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Loveridge, A. 1951. On reptiles and amphibians from Tanganyika Territory collected by C.J.P. Ionides. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 106 (4): 175- 204. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, ARTHUR 1941. Revision of the African lizards of the family Amphisbaenidae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 87: 353-451. - get paper here
  • Measey, John & Krystal A. Tolley 2013. A molecular phylogeny for sub-Saharan amphisbaenians. African Journal of Herpetology 62 (2): 100-108 - get paper here
  • Welch, K.R.G. 1982. Herpetology of Africa; a checklist and bibliography of the orders Amphisbaenia, Sauria, and Serpentes. Robert E. Krieger Pub. Co., Malabar, FL 293 pp.
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