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Ablepharus grayanus (STOLICZKA, 1872)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Minor Snake-eyed Skink 
SynonymBlepharosteres grayanus STOLICZKA 1872: 74
Ablepharus grayanus — BOULENGER 1887: 352
Ablepharus grayanus — SMITH 1935: 311
Ablepharus pannonicus grayanus — MERTENS 1970
Ablepharus grayanus — GREER 1974: 9
Ablepharus grayanus — DAS 1996: 45
Ablepharus grayanus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ablepharus grayanus — KARAMIANI et al. 2018 
DistributionSW India (incl. Gujarat), S Pakistan, Iran, possibly Afghanistan (LEVITON 1959: 461)

Type locality: Waggur district, N.E. Cutch  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZSI 5403, NMW 
DiagnosisDignosis: Body slender shorter the tail moderately depressed. Snout obtuse; rostral reaches the top of the head and it is broader than high; anterior frontal single hexagonal broadly in contact with the rostral; but narrowly with the vertical; posterior frontal separated; each a little smaller than anterior frontal; and in contact with a small shield on the upper anterior angle of the eye; vertical elongate, subquadrangular, posterior sides the longer ones; three superciliary shields, followed by two small ones, obliquely descending on the two temporal regions; anterior occipital single, pentagonal, pointed in the front, and behind forming a suture with a small suboval median. The number of scales around the body is, therefore, generally only 26 and 28 and rarely 30. Occipital behind which the two elongated occipital also forms a suture; nasal single, lateral, followed by the postnasal; one elongately quadrangular loreal; two rows of the small shield along the anterior upper and posterior edge of the eye; one small postocular followed a little higher up by a large temporal, in contact with the last upper labial and the post occipital; a few enlarged shields behind the occipitals; 18-20 longitudinal rows of scales around the middle of the body, and 36-38 transverse rows between fore and the hind limbs; 7 upper labials, the 5th longest, under the eye, the last highest; 6 lower labials; first chin shield single, followed by the 3 pairs of which only the first forms a suture; two perineal shields enlarged; subcaudals in one row, enlarged, and very numerous. The fore-limb when laid forward reached the angle of the mouth, the hind-limb is three-fifths the distance between it and the fore-limb (contributed by Dikansh Parmar, 25 March 2022).

Coloration: Colour, above, olive green, with a very distinct metallic luster, a little darker at the sides, speckled with black and gradually passing into the uniform greenish-white lower side; the shields on the head with faint dark markings; a sliver green narrow bandpasses from the superciliary edge to the base of the tail, it is edged with black below, but gradually lost on the tail, which is paler than the body with the pink tinge. Limbs brown above marked with the rows of white spots, the Lower portion of upper labials white. The larger of to specimens measures; 2.8 ., inch head and body 1.25; tail 1.65; reproduced at tip; forelimb 0.3; hind-limb 0.45 inches. Only two species were procured on a sandy place between tufts of grass in the Waggur district, in the Northern-eastern part of Kacchh (contributed by Dikansh Parmar, 25 March 2022). 
CommentDistribution: previously reported from mountain regions of the eastern former Soviet central Asia (possibly now Kyrgyzstan?) [fide Terent'ev and Chernov], and Iran, but probably representing other species. See Sindaco & Jeremencenko 2008: 336 (map 111). 
EtymologyNamed after British zoologist John Edward Gray (1800 – 1875), Keeper of Zoology at the British Museum in London from 1840 until 1874, although he started working at the museum in 1824. 
References
  • Ali, Waqas; Arshad Javid, Syed Makhdoom Hussain, Hamda Azmat and Ghazala Jabeen 2016. The Amphibians and Reptiles Collected from Different Habitat Types in District Kasur, Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. 48(4): 1201-1204 - get paper here
  • Ardesana, R., B. Trivedi, R. Jadav, R. Jhala, P. Joshi, M. Bharad & J. Ardesana 2019. Lined Supple Skink: notes on Lygosoma lineata from Rajkot City, Gujarat, India. Zoo’s Print 34 (3): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Karamiani, Rasoul; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani , Morteza Akbarpour , Ehsan Damadi 2015. Verification of the Minor Snake-eyed Skink, Ablepharus grayanus (Stoliczka, 1872) (Sauria: Scincidae), from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 61 (3): 226; DOI:10.1080/09397140.2015.1069241 - get paper here
  • Karamiani, Rasoul; Rastegar-Pouyani, Nasrullah; Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar 2018. Modeling the Past and Current Distribution and Habitat Suitability for Ablepharus grayanus and A. pannonicus (Sauria: Scincidae). Asian Herpetological Research 9 (1): 56-64
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1959. Systematics and Zoogeography of Philippine Snakes. Unpublished PhD Thesis.
  • Leviton, Alan E. 1959. Report on a collection of reptiles from Afghanistan. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (12): 445-463 - get paper here
  • MERTENS, R. 1970. Die Amphibien und Reptilien West-Pakistans. 1. Nachtrag. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 216: 1-5 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stoliczka, F. 1872. Notes on the Reptilian and Amphibian Fauna of Kachh. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 1872: 71-85 - get paper here
  • Terentjev, P. V. and Chernov, S. A. 1965. Key to amphibians and reptiles. 3rd edition. Translated from Russian. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd., Jerusalem.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Priliminary Survey on Reptiles of Jassore Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat State, India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 18 (3): 210-214 - get paper here
 
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