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Ablepharus rueppellii (GRAY, 1839)

IUCN Red List - Ablepharus rueppellii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesAblepharus rueppellii rueppellii (GRAY 1839)
Ablepharus rueppellii festae PERACCA 1894 
Common NamesE: Rueppel’s Snake-eyed skink
G: Rueppels Johanniseidechse 
SynonymRiopa ruppellii GRAY 1839
Ablepharus rueppellii rueppellii — SCHMIDTLER 1997
Ablepharus rueppellii — AL-QURAN 2009
Ablepharus rueppellii — DAMHOUREYEH et al. 2009
Ablepharus rueppellii — SKOURTANIOTI et al. 2016

Ablepharus rueppellii festae PERACCA 1894
Ablepharus festae PERACCA 1894
Ablepharus brandti festae — SCHMIDT 1939
Ablepharus kitaibelii — HAAS 1951 (part.)
Ablepharus pannonicus — LEVITON et al. 1992
Ablepharus rueppellii festae — SCHMIDTLER 1997
Ablepharus rueppellii festae — DISI et al. 2004 
DistributionEgypt, Israel (incl. isolated populations on Mt. Sinai), Lebanon

Type locality: “Arabia petrea”

festae: Jordan, Syria, Libanon  
TypesHolotype: SMF 15729
Syntypes: MRSN (= MSNTO = MZUT) R1959.1-2 [festae] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “Polytypische Art aus der Verwandtschaft von A. kitaibelii, A. chernovi und A. budaki. Augenregion wie bei diesen, jedoch regional ein 3. Supraciliare vorhanden. Kleinste Art der A. kitaibelii - Gruppe (Männchen bis 35, Weibchen bis 41 mm KRL). Tympanal-Òffnung eher klein (0,2-0,3 mm im Mittel). B/L des 2. Supraciliare 30-40 % im Mittel. Interparietale fast so breit wie lang (90-100 % im Mittel). Rumpfschuppen höchstens 18 (sehr selten 17 oder 16). Rumpfschuppen in der Dorsalzone und Ventralia oft gepunktet.” [from SCHMIDTLER 1997: 56]

Diagnosis [festae]: “Drei Supraciliaria und nur drei Nuchalia jederseits vorhanden.” [from SCHMIDTLER 1997: 58] 
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see]
  • Damhoureyeh, S.A.; Qarqaz, M.A.; Baker, M.A.; Himdan, N.; Eid, E. & Amr, Z.S. 2009. Reptiles and Amphibians in Dibbeen Nature Reserve, Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology 59 (2): 169 – 177
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad M., Zuhair S. Amr and Harald Martens 2004. On a collection of amphibians and reptiles made by J. Klapperich in Jordan. Herpetozoa 16 (3/4):141-150 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1951. On the present state of our knowledge of the herpetofauna of Palestine. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel 1: 67-95
  • Handal, Elias N.; Zuhair S. Amr, Mazin B. Qumsiyeh 2016. Some Records of Reptiles from the Palestinian Territories. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 261-270 - get paper here
  • Jablonski, D. & Shacham, B. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Ablepharus rueppellii (Rüppell's Snake-eyed Skink). Herpetological Review 48 (3): 587. - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Meiri, Shai; Amos Belmaker, Daniel Berkowic, Kesem Kazes, Erez Maza, Guy Bar-Oz and Roi Dor 2019. A checklist of Israeli land vertebrates. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution - get paper here
  • Modrý, P., Rifai, L., Abu Baker, M. & Amr, Z. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Denisia 14 (Neue Serie 2): 407-420 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M. G. 1894. Viaggio del Dr. E. Festa in Palestina, nel Libano e regioni vicine. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino, 9: 1-20
  • Qumsiyeh, Mazin 2016. Fauna of Wadi Al-Quff Protected Area: Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals. Jordan Journal of Natural History (3): 70-79 - get paper here
  • Roll, U.; O. Tallowin; D. Berkowic; E. Maza; Y. Ostrometzky; A. Slavenko; B. Shacham; K. Tamar; S. Meiri. 2013. Rueppel’s Snake-eyed skink, Ablepharus rueppellii (Gray, 1839) (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae): Distribution extension and geographic range in Israel. Check List 9 (2):458-464 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.F. 1997. Die Ablepharus kitaibelii - Gruppe in Südanatolien und benachbarten Gebieten (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae). Herpetozoa 10 (1/2): 35-62 - get paper here
  • Skourtanioti, E., Kapli, P., Ilgaz, C., Kumlutaş, Y., Avcı, A., Ahmadzadeh, F., Isailović, J.C.n., Gherghel, I., Lymberakis, P., Poulakakis, N., 2016. A reinvestigation of phylogeny and divergence times of the Ablepharus kitaibelii species complex (Sauria, Scincidae) based on mtDNA and nuDNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 199–214 - get paper here
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