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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Gerrhonotinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
DistributionMexico (Veracruz)

Type locality: Ayahuatulco, Municipality of Mixtla de Altamirano, Sierra de Zongolica, Veracruz, Mexico (18.60°N, 97.02°W), 1600 m elevation.  
Reproductionviviparous (or ovo-viviparous); a captive female Abronia zongolica birthed four neonates in early May that measured 30–33 mm snout-to-vent length (García-Vázquez et al. 2022). 
TypesHolotype: MZFC-HE 35664, adult male collected by J. R. Hernández-Ginez on 20 December 2018. Paratypes (n = 6): MZFC-HE, MZFZ. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “Abronia zongolica can be distinguished from all described congeners (including members of the former genus Mesaspis) by the following combination of characters: (1) one occipital scale; (2) two primary temporal scales contacting the postocular series; (3) posterolateral head scales moder- ately protuberant; (4) supra-auricular scales granular, not protuberant or spine-like; (5) 30–34 transverse dorsal scale rows; (6) dorsal scales on the flanks arranged in slightly oblique longitudinal rows relative to the ventrolateral fold; (7) lateralmost row of ventral scales unexpanded relative to the adjacent medial row.” (García-Vázquez et al. 2022). 
CommentDiet: Analysis of fecal material from two Abronia zongolica indicates that the diet includes Orthoptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, and Hemiptera (García-Vázquez et al. 2022).

Natural history: Abronia zongolica seems to be both arboreal and diurnal. Most individuals were found hidden behind or within bromeliads on tree trunks or branches, ranging from the root or buttress level up to 4 m in height. Individuals were also directly observed while active by day amongst the branches of trees and shrubs (García-Vázquez et al. 2022). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet zongolica refers to the Sierra de Zongolica of Veracruz, Mexico. This mountain range supports the only confirmed populations Abronia zongolica. The name ‘‘zongolica’’ appears to be derived from the words ‘‘tzoncolican’’ or ‘‘tzoncolihucan’’ in the Nahuatl language, which roughly translate as ‘‘where hair is braided’’ (García-Vázquez et al. 2022). 
  • García-Vázquez, Uri Omar; Adam G. Clause, Jorge Gutiérrez-Rodríguez, Erasmo Cazares-Hernández, Miguel Ángel de la Torre-Loranca 2022. A New Species of Abronia (Squamata: Anguidae) from the Sierra de Zongolica of Veracruz, Mexico. Ichthyology & Herpetology 110(1): 33-49 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2023. Liste der im Jahr 2022 neu beschriebenen Reptilien. Elaphe 2023 (3): 48-73
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