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Acanthocercus cyanogaster (RÜPPELL, 1835)

IUCN Red List - Acanthocercus cyanogaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Blue-bellied Ridgeback agama, Black-necked tree agama 
SynonymStellio cyanogaster RÜPPELL 1835: 10
Stellio cyanogaster — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 532
Acanthocercus cyanogaster — FITZINGER 1843: 84
Agama cyanogaster — BOULENGER 1885: 359
Agama cyanogastra — BOETTGER 1893: 114
Agama cyanogaster — SCORTECCI 1929: 316
Agama cyanogaster — PARKER 1942: 50
Agama cyanogaster — LOVERIDGE 1957: 196
Agama cyanogaster — WERMUTH 1967: 12
Acanthocercus cyanogaster — BAIG & BÖHME 1997
Agama cyanogaster — SPAWLS & ROTICH 1997
Acanthocercus cyanogaster — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2006: 27 
DistributionEthiopia, Eritrea, Somalia

Type locality: Massaua, an der abyssinischen Küste.  
TypesLectotype: SMF 10145 (formerly 4359a) 
CommentPeters (1982) raised a number of subspecies of what he called Agama cyanogaster to full species status.

Type species: Stellio cyanogaster RÜPPELL 1835 is the type species of the genus Acanthocercus FITZINGER 1843: 18, 82.

Distribution: not in Yemen, Zimbabwe (P. Wagner, pers. comm., 27 Feb 2012); not in East Africa (S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018). 
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Baig,K.J. & Böhme,W. 1997. Partition of the “Stellio” group of Agama into two distinct genera: Acanthocercus FITZINGER 1843, and Laudakia GRAY 1845 (Sauria: Agamidae). in: Bischoff, W.; Böhme, W. & Ziegler, T. (eds.) Herpetologia Bonnensis, Bonn (SEH), 416 pp.
  • Boettger,O. 1893. Übersicht der von Prof. C. Keller anlässlich der Ruspoli'schen Expedition nach den Somaliländern gesammelten Reptilien und Batrachier. Zool. Anz. 16 (416): 113-119 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Klausewitz,W. 1954. Eidonomische Untersuchungen über die Rassenkreise Agama cyanogaster und Agama atricollis. 1. Der Rassenkreis der Agama cyanogaster. Senckenbergiana biologica 35: 137-146
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1957. Check list of the reptiles and amphibians of east Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, Zanzibar). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 117 (2): 153-362 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1922. Verzeichnis der Typen in der herpetologischen Sammlung des Senckenbergischen Museums. Senckenbergiana 4: 162-183 - get paper here
  • Peters, G. 1982. Eine neue Wirtelschwanzagame aus Ostafrika (Agamidae: Agama). Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 58 (2): 265-268 - get paper here
  • Rüppell, E. 1835. Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig, entdeckt und beschrieben. Amphibien. S. Schmerber, Frankfurt a. M. - get paper here
  • Scortecci, G. 1929. Rettili dell'Eritrea esistenti nelle Collezioni del Museo Civico de Milano. Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milano 67 (3-4): 290-339 [1928]
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
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