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Acanthodactylus tristrami (GÜNTHER, 1864)

IUCN Red List - Acanthodactylus tristrami - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Lebanon Fringe-fingered Lizard 
SynonymZootoca tristrami GÜNTHER 1864: 491
Acanthodactylus dorsalis PETERS 1869: 62
Acanthodactylus tristrami —BOULENGER 1881: 741
Zootoca tristrami — TRISTRAM 1885
Lacerta tristrami — BOETTGER 1880
Lacerta platyura — EHRENBERG in TORNIER 1899
Acanthodactylus tristrami — TORNIER 1899
Acanthodactylus tristrami — BAUER et al. 1995: 57
Acanthodactylus tristrami— HARRIS & ARNOLD 2000 
DistributionLebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan

Type locality: "Lebanon".  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.3.73 (tristrami)
Syntypes: ZMB 1056—8 (Zoologisches Museum Berlin) [dorsalis] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Large, robust body. Two supraoculars. One row of granules between supraoculars and superciliaries. Eyelids without pectination. Large ear opening without anterior pectination. Temporals granular and without keels. Subocular in contact with the upper lip. Four supralabials anterior tothe subocular. Dorsals flat and without keels. 10 straight longitudinal rows of ventrals. Three rows of scales on fingers. Toes not pectinate. Scales on upperside of tail flat, medium-sized, unkeeled and subimbricate (Salvador 1982: 101). 
CommentThe names used in the “Symbolae physicae” by TORNIER 1899 were originally used by HEMPRICH & EHRENBERG (around 1830), but only formally published in 1899 with a text by G. TORNIER. See BAUER (2000) for details. 
EtymologyNamed after Henry Baker Tristram (1822-1906). 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2000. The Symbolae Physicae and the herpetology of Hemprich and Ehrenberg’s expedition to Egypt and the Middle East. Newsletter Bull. Internl. Soc. Hist. Bibliogr. Herpetol. 2 (1):8-16 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.;Günther, Rainer 1995. An annotated type catalogue of the lacertids (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Zoological Museum, Berlin. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin 71 (1): 37-62
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. & Schmidtler, J.F. 1996. Herpetologische Reiseeindrücke von Syrien und Libanon. Elaphe 4 (2): 68
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1881. On the lizards of the genera Lacerta and Acanthodactylus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 739-747 - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad M., Zuhair S. Amr and Harald Martens 2004. On a collection of amphibians and reptiles made by J. Klapperich in Jordan. Herpetozoa 16 (3/4):141-150 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1864. Report on a collection of reptiles and fishes from Palestine. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 488-493 - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Modrý, P., Rifai, L., Abu Baker, M. & Amr, Z. 2004. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Denisia 14 (Neue Serie 2): 407-420 - get paper here
  • Peters, WILHELM C. H. 1869. Eine Mittheilung über neue Gattungen und Arten von Eidechsen. Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wissensch. Berlin, 1869: 57-66 - get paper here
  • Riney, T. 1953. Notes on the Syrian lizard Acanthodactylus tristrami orientalis. Copeia 1953 (1): 66-67. - get paper here
  • Salvador, A 1982. A revision of the lizards of the genus Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae). Bonner Zool. Monogr. (16): 1-167 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Tornier,G. 1899. Reptilia. In: Carlgren,O., Hilgendorf,F., Martens, E. von, Matschie, P., Tornier, G., & Weltner, W. (eds.). Symbolae physicae seu icones adhuc ineditae corporum naturalium novorum aut minus cognitorum quae ex itineribus per Libyam, Aegyptum, Nubiam,k G. Reimer, Berlin. - get paper here
  • Tristram, H.B. 1885. The Survey of western Palestine: The fauna and flora of Palestine. COMMITTEE OF THE PALESTINE EXPLORATION FUND, London, ca. 460 pp.
  • van der Kuyl, Antoinette C.; Donato L. Ph. Ballasina, John T. Dekker, Jolanda Maas, Ronald E. Willemsen and Jaap Goudsmit 2002. Phylogenetic Relationships among the Species of the Genus Testudo (Testudines: Testudinidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial 12S rRNA Gene Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22: 174-183 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y. L. 1971. Lizards and snakes from Transjordan, recently acquired by the British Museum (Natural Hisrory). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology21: 213-256. - get paper here
  • Werner,Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950-1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. in: Yom-Tov,Y. & Tchernov, E. (eds.) The zoogeography of Israel, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht (Netherlands); ISBN 90-6193-650-0
 
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