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Acontias cregoi (BOULENGER, 1903)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Acontinae; Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cregoe's Legless Skink 
SynonymTyphlosaurus cregoi BOULENGER 1903: 434
Typhlosaurus cregoi — GREER 2003
Acontias cregoi — LAMB et al. 2010 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (N Transvaal)

Type locality: Zoutpansberg, Transvaal.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.2.93 (1903.3.27.23), collected J.P. Cregoe. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: This species is most nearly related to T. aurantiacus, Peters, which differs principally in the absence of a frontoparietal distinct from the interparietal, in the shorter symphysial, in the broader dorsal scales, and in the number of scales round the body [from BOULENGER 1903]. 
CommentTyphlosaurus (= Acontias) cregoi bicolor HEWITT 1929 has been elevated to full species status.

Photo in Elaphe 18 (4): 21 [2010].

Frank & Ramus (1995) erroneously gave “1887” as year of description.

Limb morphology: Limbless.

Description: Snout conical, strongly projecting. Rostral as long as the other head-shields together; frontal and frontoparietal equal in size, nearly twice as broad as long; a pair of large parietals, forming a suture behind the small interparietal; eye scarcely distinguishable below a small ocular; a larger supraocular; four small upper labiaIs; symphysial very large, extending beyond the posterior border of the rostral, its posterior border very slightly notched in the middle. Scales hexagonal, much broader than long, subequal, 16 round the middle of the body. 'l'ailvery short, rounded at the end. Whitish, above with black longitudinal lines corresponding to the series of scales, beneath with longitudinal series of blackish dots. Size: Total length 150 mm; tail 25 mm (from BOULENGER 1903). 
Etymologynamed after Mr. J.P. Cregoe. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1903. Descriptions of new lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 12: 429-435 - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G. 1968. A review of the African genus Typhlosaurus Wiegmann (Sauria: Scincidae). Arnoldia (Rhodesia) 3 (36): 1-20
  • Greer,A.E. & Wadsworth, L. 2003. Body shape in skinks: the relationship between relative hind-limb length and relative snout-vent-length. Journal of Herpetology 37 (3): 554-559 - get paper here
  • Kirchhof, S., M. Krämer, J. Linden & K. Richter 2010. The reptile species assemblage of the Soutpansberg (Limpopo Province, South Africa) and its characteristics. Salamandra 46 (3): 147-166 - get paper here
  • Lamb, T.; Biswas, S. & Bauer, A.M. 2010. A phylogenetic reassessment of African fossorial skinks in the subfamily Acontinae (Squamata: Scincidae): evidence for parallelism and polyphyly. Zootaxa 2657: 33–46 - get paper here
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